HOLLAND! The medieval and colonial age canals of Amsterdam, known as grachten, embraces the heart of the city where homes have interesting gables. Other more subcultural music venues are OCCII, OT301, De Nieuwe Anita, Winston Kingdom, and Zaal 100. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands (while The Hague is the seat of government) It also is the financial and cultural capital of the Netherlands. It was constructed around 1425 and is one of only two existing wooden buildings. Primarily known for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system and narrow houses with gabled façades; well-preserved legacies of the city's 17th-century Golden Age. Amsterdam contains many other museums throughout the city. Armin van Buuren and Tiesto, some of the world's leading Trance DJ's hail from the Netherlands and frequently perform in Amsterdam. Before moving to their current location in 1996, Ajax played their regular matches in the now demolished De Meer Stadion in the eastern part of the city[206] or in the Olympic Stadium. Bijlmermeer was the ultimate in modernist utopian urban planning, with bicycle paths, playgrounds, and high-rises built along the city’s new metro line. Within the Netherlands, there are 12 administrative provinces, two of which contain the name Holland. Certain is, that the origins of Amsterdam is linked to the development of the peatland called Amestelle, or Amstelland, where land reclamation started as early as the late 10th century. There was an increasing demand for office buildings, and also for new roads, as the automobile became available to most people. The Reguliersdwarsstraat is the main street for the LGBT community and nightlife. All answers from Art, Science, History, Sports, Geography and Entertainment. A comparative study of nine neighbourhoods undergoing physical and social economic regeneration", "Gentrification in Amsterdam: Assessing the Importance of Context", "Amsterdam is expanding, mainly due to immigration", "CBS StatLine – Bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht en regio, 1 januari", "Half of young big-city dwellers have non-western background", "Bevolking naar herkomstgroepering, 1 January 2001–2006", "Wit is de 'nieuwe minderheid' in grote steden", "Bureau of Onderzoek en Statistiek: 'Geloven in Amsterdam, "Kerkelijke gezindte en kerkbezoek naar gemeenten 2010–2015", "The Architectural Origins of the Great Early Modern Urban Synagogue", "In Anne Frank's childhood neighborhood, the buildings do not forget", "New cultural quarter resurrects Amsterdam's Jewish past", "XIIIb: the apostolic letters of the most holy Lord Pius IX, by Divine Providence, pope, by which letters the episcopal hierarchy was re-established in Holland", "Valuing flexible citizenship: producing Surinamese Hindu citizens at a primary school in The Hague", "Half a century of Islamic education in Dutch schools", "Ghanaian churches in the Netherlands: Religion mediating a tense relationship", "Inwoneraantal Amsterdam blijft groeien – Gemeente Amsterdam", "Van Niftrik's plan at the Amsterdam City Archives", "Amsterdamse renaissance in de stijl van Hendrick de Keyser", "PC Hooftstraat World's Third Nicest Shopping Street", "Photographers Inez van Lamsweerde and Vinoodh Matadin's best shot", "Schouwburg | theatre, Amsterdam, Netherlands", "History of the Rijksmuseum – Organisation", "Feestelijke opening ijsbaan Museumplein", "Total number of visitors of the Rijksmuseum in the Netherlands in 2014 to 2017 (in millions)", "Historic number of visitors since the opening of Van Gogh Museum", "Amsterdams Lijflied: Stadsbewoners leven als oude wolven – AMSTERDAMS LIJFLIED – PAROOL", "ADE vorig jaar het best bezochte festival van Nederland", "FIG allocates 2023 World Gymnaestrada to Amsterdam", https://nos.nl/artikel/2193622-zieke-amsterdamse-burgemeester-van-der-laan-legt-werk-neer.html/, "Dienst onderzoek & statistiek Amsterdam", "Stadsregio Amsterdam: English Information", "Grondwet voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden", "Parkeren + Reizen (P+R) Amsterdam – I amsterdam", "Autosnelweg.nl – Geschiedenis Autosnelwegen in Nederland", "Ruim 10.000 parkeerplaatsen verdwijnen voor 2025", "Train to Amsterdam – London to Amsterdam – Eurostar", "Eurostar undertakes detailed planning for London – Amsterdam service", "easyJet to open Amsterdam Base in Spring 2015", "Core Numbers in Graphics: Fewer Bicycle Thefts", "The Dutch Prize Their Pedal Power, but a Sea of Bikes Swamps Their Capital", List of cities in the Netherlands by province, Institutional seats of the European Union, Krylatskoye Sports Complex Cycling Circuit, Stone Mountain Park Archery Center and Velodrome, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amsterdam&oldid=1001618195, Populated places established in the 13th century, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with disputed statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2008, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Bureau Monumentenzorg en Archeologie (1300). Fourteen of those had their own district council (deelraad), elected by a popular vote. These companies acquired overseas possessions that later became Dutch colonies. netherlands. The basketball team MyGuide Amsterdam competes in the Dutch premier division and play their games in the Sporthallen Zuid.[208]. This neighbourhood has become a famous attraction for tourists. Their home is the Concertgebouw, which is across the Van Baerlestraat from the Museum Square. The settlement first appeared in a document concerning a road toll granted by the count of Holland Floris V to the residents "apud Amestelledamme" ('at the dam in the Amstel' or 'at the dam of Amstelland'). The two main nightlife areas for tourists are the Leidseplein and the Rembrandtplein. Netherlands. The next largest religion was Islam (12%), most of whose followers were Sunni. Both projects dramatically improved commerce with the rest of Europe and the world. [citation needed] An improved metronome was invented in 1812 by Dietrich Nikolaus Winkel. The housing market is heavily regulated. No! The Amsterdam–Rhine Canal was dug to give Amsterdam a direct connection to the Rhine, and the North Sea Canal was dug to give the port a shorter connection to the North Sea. What country is Amsterdam in? These farmers were starting the reclamation around upstream Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, and later at the other side of the river at Amstelveen. The record extremes range from −19.7 °C (−3.5 °F) to 36.3 °C (97.3 °F). This used to be primarily Roman Catholicism and various Protestant denominations, but with the influx of Muslim immigrants, there has been a rise in the number of Islamic schools. Also in the 2010s, much of Amsterdam's population growth was due to immigration to the city. It handles over 68 million passengers per year and is the home base of four airlines, KLM, Transavia, Martinair and Arkefly. [109] Roman Catholic priests were driven out of the city. The river Amstel ends in the city centre and connects to a large number of canals that eventually terminate in the IJ. Lv 7. Van Gogh lived in Amsterdam for a short while and there is a museum dedicated to his work. Another notable Amsterdam song is "Amsterdam" by Jacques Brel (1964). The shortages sparked riots in which several people were killed. The Paradiso, Melkweg and Sugar Factory are cultural centres, which turn into discothèques on some nights. 0 0. fatsausage. [188] With the 20th century came cinema, radio and television. Amsterdam is located in the Western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland, the capital of which is not Amsterdam, but rather Haarlem. The lions date from the late 16th century, when city and province became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. 1 decade ago. In recent times, religious demographics in Amsterdam have been changed by immigration from former colonies. Second is the Imperial Crown of Austria. The increased influx of migrants, especially since the Syrian Civil War (2011–present), has been burdensome, economically and culturally, but the government deals with citizen and migrant cases for housing equally. Amsterdam occupies a geographical size of 219.3 km². Like other European countries the Netherlands is divided into provinces, which act as states. During the 19th century, Samuel Sarphati devised a plan based on the grandeur of Paris and London at that time. The Amstel was dammed to control flooding, and the city’s name derives from the Amstel dam. [236], Amsterdam has two universities: the University of Amsterdam (Universiteit van Amsterdam, UvA), and the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU). Many large banks and corporations have their headquarters in Amsterdam, and this includes Philips, Booking.com, ING Group, Heineken International and AkzoNobel among others. Last came the city's official motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig ("Heroic, Determined, Merciful"), bestowed on the city in 1947 by Queen Wilhelmina, in recognition of the city's bravery during the Second World War. Jewish people from Spain, Portugal and Eastern Europe similarly settled in Amsterdam, as did Germans and Scandinavians. In the Zuid borough, is the Beatrixpark, named after Queen Beatrix. Also, several movies were filmed in Amsterdam, such as James Bond's Diamonds Are Forever, Ocean's Twelve, Girl with a Pearl Earring and The Hitman's Bodyguard. The neighbourhood comprised the Waterlooplein and the Nieuwmarkt. Lv 5. Amsterdam’s intimate character is best reflected in the narrow, bustling streets of the old town, where much of the population still goes about its business. On the east side of town, there is a small theatre in a converted bathhouse, the Badhuistheater. Radio Netherlands, heard worldwide via shortwave radio since the 1920s, is also based there. Since the mid-1960s Amsterdam also has been known for a permissive atmosphere, and it attracts many people seeking an alternative lifestyle. Amsterdam has many cafés (bars). These brown cafés mostly offer a wide range of local and international artisanal beers. [87] By the second half of the 19th century, industrialisation spurred renewed growth. These riots are known as the Aardappeloproer (Potato rebellion). [83], In 1750, Amsterdam was the fourth largest city in western Europe, behind London (676,000), Paris (560,000) and Naples (324,000). The main reasons for the uprising were the imposition of new taxes, the tenth penny, and the religious persecution of Protestants by the newly introduced Inquisition. Amsterdam has a really small population of 800,000. On 1 January 1921, after a flood in 1916, the depleted municipalities of Durgerdam, Holysloot, Zunderdorp and Schellingwoude, all lying north of Amsterdam, were, at their own request, annexed to the city. These St Andrew's crosses can also be found on the city shields of neighbours Amstelveen and Ouder-Amstel. Museumplein hosts various museums, including the Rijksmuseum, Van Gogh Museum, and Stedelijk Museum. The theatre is the first-ever purpose-built venue to showcase a single play entitled ANNE, the play based on Anne Frank's life. Jugendstil and Georgian are mostly found outside the city's centre in the neighbourhoods built in the early [189], The most important museums of Amsterdam are located on the Museumplein (Museum Square), located at the southwestern side of the Rijksmuseum. Next to the Van Gogh museum stands the Stedelijk Museum. The old town’s three main squares are the Dam, the Leidseplein (Leiden Square), and the Rembrandtplein (Rembrandt Square). [241] A number of these squats have legalised and become well known, such as OCCII, OT301, Paradiso and Vrankrijk. [162] Most Gothic style buildings date from that era and are therefore said to be built in a neo-gothic style. Question: What country is Amsterdam in? It consists of a network of canals, streets, and alleys containing several hundred small, one-room apartments rented by sex workers who offer their services from behind a window or glass door, typically illuminated with red lights. [77] During the 1660s, Amsterdam's population reached 200,000. Amsterdam's prosperity declined during the 18th and early 19th centuries. Amsterdam is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In the 1960s guest workers from Turkey, Morocco, Italy, and Spain emigrated to Amsterdam. Relevance. Other trivia crack answers can be found at trivia crack cheats. In the summertime, there are several big outdoor dance parties in or nearby Amsterdam, such as Awakenings, Dance Valley, Mystery Land, Loveland, A Day at the Park, Welcome to the Future, and Valtifest. Other shopping areas include the Negen Straatjes and Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat. Amsterdam is intensely urbanised, as is the Amsterdam metropolitan area surrounding the city. Amsterdam is the capital of the Netherlands. Many schools, however, are based on religion. Others, like the Westerstraatmarkt, are held every week. [202] The opera house of Amsterdam is located adjacent to the city hall. Together with Eindhoven (Brainport) and Rotterdam (Seaport), Amsterdam (Airport) forms the foundation of the Dutch economy. This part of the coat of arms is the basis of the flag of Amsterdam, flown by the city government, but also as civil ensign for ships registered in Amsterdam. In 2019 the new lock in IJmuiden will open; the port will then be able to grow to 125 million tonnes in capacity. [citation needed], In the second half of the 17th century, Amsterdam experienced an influx of Ashkenazim, Jews from Central and Eastern Europe. The stadium Johan Cruyff Arena is the home of Ajax. Amsterdam vs. Holland Amsterdam is known today as the capital of the European country the Netherlands. In 2010, the number of Amsterdam boroughs reached fifteen. [215] It includes for instance Zaanstad, Wormerland, Muiden, Abcoude, Haarlem, Almere and Lelystad but excludes Graft-De Rijp. The Westphalians came to Amsterdam mostly for economic reasons – their influx continued through the 18th and 19th centuries. Amsterdam's merchants had the largest share in both the Dutch East India Company and the Dutch West India Company. Amsterdam is noted for having five independent grammar schools (Dutch: gymnasia), the Vossius Gymnasium, Barlaeus Gymnasium, St. Ignatius Gymnasium, Het 4e Gymnasium and the Cygnus Gymnasium where a classical curriculum including Latin and classical Greek is taught. Parking fees are expensive, and many streets are closed to cars or are one-way. What makes this quiz easier? [132], Historically, Amsterdam has been predominantly Christian, in 1900 Christians formed the largest religious group in the city (70% of the population), Dutch Reformed Church formed 45% of the city population, while Roman Catholic formed 25% of the city population. Royal Theatre Carré was built as a permanent circus theatre in 1887 and is currently mainly used for musicals, cabaret performances, and pop concerts. However, the later establishment of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815 marked a turning point. Many of its buildings have become monuments, and in July 2010 the Grachtengordel (the three concentric canals: Herengracht, Keizersgracht, and Prinsengracht) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Netherlands has 12 provinces. In 2014, under a reform of the Dutch Municipalities Act, the Amsterdam boroughs lost much of their autonomous status, as their district councils were abolished. - Find out the answer to this question of Trivia Crack. [234] Bicycles are used by all socio-economic groups because of their convenience, Amsterdam's small size, the 400 kilometres (249 miles) of bike paths,[235] the flat terrain, and the inconvenience of driving an automobile. Real estate prices have surged, and local shops are making way for tourist-oriented ones, making the centre unaffordable for the city's inhabitants. TEFAF Maastricht 2021 – World’s premier fair for fine art, antiques and design. Amsterdam is located in the province of North-Holland. 14 Answers. Some of these markets are held daily, like the Albert Cuypmarkt and the Dappermarkt. Where is Amsterdam located? [dubious – discuss] This led to the establishment of schuilkerken, covert religious buildings that were hidden in pre-existing buildings. Hooftstraat[176] and Cornelis Schuytstraat, which are located in the vicinity of the Vondelpark. Frosts mainly occur during spells of easterly or northeasterly winds from the inner European continent. Contemporary popular artists are Youp van 't Hek, Freek de Jonge, Herman Finkers, Hans Teeuwen, Theo Maassen, Herman van Veen, Najib Amhali, Raoul Heertje, Jörgen Raymann, Brigitte Kaandorp and Comedytrain. The city has many open squares (plein in Dutch). Other institutions for higher education include an art school – Gerrit Rietveld Academie, a university of applied sciences – the Hogeschool van Amsterdam, and the Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten. The average daily high in August is 22.1 °C (72 °F), and 30 °C (86 °F) or higher is only measured on average on 2.5 days, placing Amsterdam in AHS Heat Zone 2. In order to facilitate easier transport to the centre of Amsterdam, the city has various P+R Locations where people can park their car at an affordable price and transfer to one of the numerous public transport lines.[220]. The team competes in the Dutch ice hockey premier league. Find more information about the city’s people, history, society and cultural life. The yearly Holland Festival attracts international artists and visitors from all over Europe. [224] The local government has also started removing parking spaces in the city, with the goal of removing 10,000 spaces (roughly 1,500 per year) by 2025[225], Amsterdam is served by ten stations of the Nederlandse Spoorwegen (Dutch Railways). [77] While many towns in Holland experienced population decline during the 15th and 16th centuries, Amsterdam's population grew,[78] mainly due to the rise of the profitable Baltic maritime trade after the Burgundian victory in the Dutch–Hanseatic War. Three towers of the old fortifications still stand. This can be recognised by the suffix -meer which means lake, as in Aalsmeer, Bijlmermeer, Haarlemmermeer, and Watergraafsmeer. [144] The fourth and outermost canal is the Singelgracht, which is often not mentioned on maps because it is a collective name for all canals in the outer ring. By the 16th century Amsterdam had grown into a walled city centred on the present Dam, bounded approximately by what are now the Singel and the Kloveniersburgwal canals. [22] The city was ranked 4th place globally as top tech hub in the Savills Tech Cities 2019 report (2nd in Europe),[23] and 3rd in innovation by Australian innovation agency 2thinknow in their Innovation Cities Index 2009. [107] The large community of Ghanaian immigrants have established African churches,[136] often in parking garages in the Bijlmer area. The 17th century is considered Amsterdam's Golden Age, during which it became the wealthiest city in the western world. The western suburbs which were built in that period are collectively called the Westelijke Tuinsteden. The Singelgracht should not be confused with the oldest and innermost canal, the Singel. amsterdam clubs - what country is amsterdam in : Amsterdam has a large area in the old part of the city, which is called the Red Light District. [92] By 1985 the city had only 675,570 residents. Conveniently close to Amsterdam, this region (in Dutch called "Gooi and Vecht area") is ideal for learning more about history and culture of the Netherlands. [184] In the 19th century, popular culture was centred on the Nes area in Amsterdam (mainly vaudeville and music-hall). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Shortly before the First World War, the city started to expand again, and new suburbs were built. The Netherlands. Even though the Netherlands remained neutral in this war, Amsterdam suffered a food shortage, and heating fuel became scarce. Most are accessible by cyclists. It is near Dam Square in the city centre. This led to riots, and as a result the original plans for large-scale reconstruction were abandoned. Since the 1983 constitutional revision, the constitution mentions "Amsterdam" and "capital" in chapter 2, article 32: The king's confirmation by oath and his coronation take place in "the capital Amsterdam" ("de hoofdstad Amsterdam"). Amsterdam is in Netherlands and is its capital. Great Britain, and London in particular, is an attractive option.. Easyjet has a number of flights a day, and it's dirt cheap (www.easyjet.com), starting at $20 each way or so if you book early.The flight is only 45 mins. Two of these Provinces are North Holland (Noord-Holland) and South Holland (Zuid-Holland). [232] Although Schiphol is internationally known as Amsterdam Schiphol Airport it actually lies in the neighbouring municipality of Haarlemmermeer, southwest of the city. Holland. Schiphol is the largest airport in the Netherlands, the third-largest in Europe, and the 14th-largest in the world in terms of passengers. Jazz has a strong following in Amsterdam, with the Bimhuis being the premier venue. After the 2014 municipal council elections, a governing majority of D66, VVD and SP was formed – the first coalition without the Labour Party since World War II. [47][48] Between the wars, the city continued to expand, most notably to the west of the Jordaan district in the Frederik Hendrikbuurt and surrounding neighbourhoods. 1 decade ago. Amsterdam is one of the most bicycle-friendly large cities in the world and is a centre of bicycle culture with good facilities for cyclists such as bike paths and bike racks, and several guarded bike storage garages (fietsenstalling) which can be used. Since the 1970s, low-rise mixed housing projects have been the vogue, including both public housing and private-sector dwellings. She replaces Eberhard van der Laan (Labour Party) who was the Mayor of Amsterdam from 2010 until his death in October 2017. The old part of Amsterdam has many ancient buildings, most notably the Old Church (Oude Kerk), built in the 13th century, and the New Church (Nieuwe Kerk), begun in the 15th century. In 2008, there were 140 festivals and events in Amsterdam.[203]. To the south of De Wallen is the old Jewish quarter of Waterlooplein. The last style that was popular in Amsterdam before the modern era was Art Deco. Holland is the name given to a specific region in the Netherlands; it is comprised of the province North Holland and South Holland. They range from small museums such as the Verzetsmuseum (Resistance Museum), the Anne Frank House, and the Rembrandt House Museum, to the very large, like the Tropenmuseum (Museum of the Tropics), Amsterdam Museum (formerly known as Amsterdam Historical Museum), Hermitage Amsterdam (a dependency of the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg) and the Joods Historisch Museum (Jewish Historical Museum). Amsterdam also possesses many discothèques. On 18 September 2017, it was announced by Eberhard van der Laan in an open letter to Amsterdam citizens that Kajsa Ollongren would take up his office as acting Mayor of Amsterdam with immediate effect due to ill health. Other squares include Rembrandtplein, Muntplein, Nieuwmarkt, Leidseplein, Spui, and Waterlooplein. Also, near to Amsterdam is the Nekkeveld estate conservation project. [181] The first ballet performances in the Netherlands were given in Schouwburg in 1642 with the Ballet of the Five Senses. AFAS Live is also host to many electronic dance music festivals, alongside many other venues. [95] Amsterdam's population failed to beat the expectations of 873000 in 2019. Amsterdam is home to the second-largest Dutch commercial TV group SBS Broadcasting Group, consisting of TV-stations SBS 6, Net 5 and Veronica. The museum is as old as the square it borders and was opened in 1895. Statistics Netherlands uses three other definitions of Amsterdam: metropolitan agglomeration Amsterdam (Grootstedelijke Agglomeratie Amsterdam, not to be confused with Grootstedelijk Gebied Amsterdam, a synonym of Groot Amsterdam), Greater Amsterdam (Groot Amsterdam, a COROP region) and the urban region Amsterdam (Stadsgewest Amsterdam). It is easy to describe Amsterdam, which is more than 700 years old, as a living museum of a bygone age and to praise the eternal beauty of the centuries-old canals, the ancient patrician houses, and the atmosphere of freedom and tolerance, but the modern city is still working out solutions to the pressing urban problems that confront it. These city roads are regional roads without grade separation, and sometimes without a central reservation. The stations for local services are: Lelylaan, RAI, Holendrecht, Muiderpoort and Science Park. [ 171 ] the number of visitors has been recorded in a neo-gothic style known today as became! 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