He volunteered for army service in the First World War, but soon suffered a breakdown and was discharged. [99], The Kraszewski Museum is a museum dedicated to the most prolific Polish writer Józef Ignacy Kraszewski, who lived in Dresden from 1863 to 1883.[100]. Get the most out of your experience by having a guide give you historical background information, as you … During the Nazi era from 1933 to 1945, the Jewish community of Dresden was reduced from over 6,000 (7,100 people were persecuted as Jews) to 41, mostly as a result of emigration, but later also deportation and murder. Compared to West Germany, the majority of historic buildings were saved. Augustus the Strong, who desired to be King of Poland, converted to Catholicism, as Polish kings had to be Catholic. The controlling Constitutional Court of Saxony is in Leipzig. Two additional trenches, about 50 metres wide, have been built to keep the inner city free of water from the Elbe, by dissipating the water downstream through the inner city's gorge portion. Großer Garten is a Baroque garden in central Dresden. Dresden is a spacious city. [citation needed] Dresden is also home to several art collections and musical ensembles. The bombing of Dresden was a British-American aerial bombing attack on the city of Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony, during World War II.In four raids between 13 and 15 February 1945, 722 heavy bombers of the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and 527 of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) dropped more than 3,900 tons of high-explosive bombs and incendiary devices on the city. [71], Dresden has some 13 000 listed cultural monuments and eight districts under general preservation orders. In contrast to the Hofkirche, the Lutheran Frauenkirche located at the Neumarkt was built almost contemporaneously by the citizens of Dresden. Only a few years later, Dresden suffered heavy destruction in the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), following its capture by Prussian forces, its subsequent re-capture, and a failed Prussian siege in 1760. Am Dölzschgraben, Dresden.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 2.27 MB. The Weißeritz, normally a rather small river, suddenly ran directly into the main station of Dresden during the 2002 European floods. [60], Local affairs in Dresden often centre around the urban development of the city and its spaces. This is the currently selected item. As the number of demonstrators increased to 15,000 in December 2014, so has the international media coverage of it. Dresdner SC is a multisport club. Kommunale Statistikstelle Dresden: type: boundary: wikidata: Q1731: wikipedia: de:Dresden: Members 81 members. Other museums and collections owned by the Free State of Saxony in Dresden are: The Dresden City Museum is run by the city of Dresden and focused on the city's history. Throughout the summer, the outdoor concert series "Zwingerkonzerte und Mehr" is held in the Zwingerhof. [citation needed] The Dresden International University is a private postgraduate university, founded in 2003 in cooperation with the Dresden University of Technology. [103] Many of the new low-floor vehicles are up to 45 metres long and produced by Bombardier Transportation in Bautzen. From 1985 to 1990, the future President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, was stationed in Dresden by the KGB, where he worked for Lazar Matveev, the senior KGB liaison officer there. Many parts still contain an old village core, while some quarters are almost completely preserved as rural settings. [107] In 2017, the GDP per capita of Dresden was 39,134 euros, the highest in Saxony. The nearest German cities are Chemnitz 62 kilometres (39 miles)[41] to the southwest, Leipzig 100 kilometres (62 miles)[42] to the northwest and Berlin 165 kilometres (103 miles)[43] to the north. [28] It was the centre of Bezirk Dresden (Dresden District) between 1952 and 1990. The city was known as the Jewel Box, because of its baroque and rococo city centre. Opponents of the sale were concerned about Dresden's loss of control over the subsidized housing market. Its musical ensemble is the Sächsische Staatskapelle Dresden, founded in 1548. The remaining ruins were left for 50 years as a war memorial, before being rebuilt between 1994 and 2005. Its construction caused loss of World Heritage site status in 2009. are active and one of the big sporting events in Dresden.[125]. Liga.[124]. There are several choirs in Dresden, the best-known of which is the Dresdner Kreuzchor (Choir of The Holy Cross). He gathered many of the best musicians,[14] architects and painters from all over Europe to Dresden. On the way, great historical places and countless restaurants, cafes and bars. Between 1990 and 2010 the unemployment rate fluctuated between 13% and 15%, but has decreased significantly ever since. These include the Zwinger Royal Palace, the Japanese Palace, the Taschenbergpalais, the Pillnitz Castle and the two landmark churches: the Catholic Hofkirche and the Lutheran Frauenkirche. The United Nations' cultural organization UNESCO declared the Dresden Elbe Valley to be a World Heritage Site in 2004. It has institutions of democratic local self-administration that are independent from the capital functions. It focuses on nuclear medicine and physics. According to Libeskind's studio, "[t]he façade’s openness and transparency is intended to contrast with the opacity and rigidity of the existing building."[82]. However, the garrison itself was not specifically targeted. Important contemporary buildings include the New Synagogue, a postmodern building with few windows, the Transparent Factory, the Saxon State Parliament and the New Terrace, the UFA-Kristallpalast cinema by Coop Himmelb(l)au (one of the biggest buildings of Deconstructivism in Germany), and the Saxon State Library. Streetwolf territory is down by Forty-ninth Street Beach, by the University. After the war, restoration work has helped to reconstruct parts of the historic inner city. He was a German Expressionist painter and printmaker. The Coventry Blitz and Rotterdam Blitz bombardments by the German Luftwaffe are also considered to be disproportional. … In 1998, a motorway access route was opened. [52] Some local affairs of Dresden receive national attention. Dresden has a third football team SC Borea Dresden. The most recent historicist buildings in Dresden date from the short era of Stalinist architecture in the 1950s, e.g. [105], The districts of Loschwitz and Weisser Hirsch are connected by the Dresden Funicular Railway, which has been carrying passengers back and forth since 1895.[106]. Apart from the German army officers' school (Offizierschule des Heeres), there have been no more military units in Dresden since the army merger during German reunification, and the withdrawal of Soviet forces in 1992. After large incorporations and city restoration, the population grew to 522,532 again between 1946 and 1983. Between 2000 and 2010, the population grew quickly by more than 45,000 inhabitants (about 9.5%) due to a stabilised economy and re-urbanisation. Kirchner was widely involved with the arts and craft movement like William Morris was. Centre of the city, decoration Galore As I visited many Christmas markets in Europe, I can recommend this one as the art museums very near make it very interesting place to visit. The later Semperoper was completely destroyed during the bombing of Dresden during the second world war. Around the late 12th century, a Sorbian settlement called Drežďany[11] (meaning either "woods" or "lowland forest-dweller"[12]) had developed on the southern bank. [67] Bündnis 90/Die Grünen, Die Linke, SPD and Die Partei voted in favour of the statement. Kirchner, Self-Portrait As a Soldier. The crypt of the Wettin Dynasty is located within the church. Dresden is the traditional location for army officer schooling in Germany, today carried out in the Offizierschule des Heeres. Dresden is home to the Regional Commission of the Dresden Regierungsbezirk, which is a controlling authority for the Saxon Government. In Dresden there are three Leibniz Institutes. [citation needed] This military complex, named after Saxon King Albert, was not specifically targeted in the bombing of Dresden, though it was within the expected area of destruction and was extensively damaged.

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