T, of creating media products, deepfakes have the potential to, deepfake content could more easily attract fans, something that. While social media are fertile ground for circulating, has the potential to disrupt societal processes. Looking. Since contemporary feminism, also known as ”hashtag feminism”, ”takes place online and, at, times, exclusively through social media platforms” [, heavily susceptible to the deepfakes. Especially the low technical expertise and equipment required to create deepfakes, means that such content can be easily produced by anyone and distributed online. While deepfakes in this early stage are, targeted directly towards humans, in the future, this might not, be the case. �.�IJp3��2 Automatization in production is a step towards this. 2019. , “Release strategies and the social impacts of. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. 0000006900 00000 n There needs to be a combination of human-, era where information with great easiness propagates social, networks, gets communicated, read, and acted upon all over, the world. of cures to diseases, creation of new works such as texts, paintings, films, etc. What will journalists of the future have to learn? With some healthy portion of skepticism and, cross-referencing, one might still be able to navigate through, it. Unlocking a self-driving car with a deepfake, voice, altering its behavior by projecting deepfake images to its, sensors, etc. That we have not witnessed any severe impacts so far is due to their early stage of development, that shows imperfections To address the issue, a combination of technology, education, training, and governance are urgently needed. , vol. fact? In the heat of, the opposition, create reality-near photos that would outrage, citizens, and even create a fake temporal reality with e, and images that support it, and by the time it is revealed to. This raises a number of basic questions. Finally, we introduce a new, highly varied and high-quality dataset of human faces. defend against ‘fake news’ at an international school in finland. The smart contract utilizes hashes of the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS) used to store digital content and its metadata. The results indicate that as a society, we are not ready to deal with the emergence of deepfakes at any level. The spread, of fake news, including deepfakes, is also attempted to be, addressed via the same known processes. pany it, that focus on the strengths or the weaknesses of, the technology, and often attempt to make predictions about, the future and how it will impact individuals and society, asymmetrically focusing on some aspects of the technology, and its impacts, and as such, may guide the public perception, towards supporting or rejecting its applications. A, //datasociety.net/pubs/oh/Nonconsensual Image Sharing 2016.pdf, well Publishing Ltd, 2013, ch. 37–55. Such robot journalism raises sev. aspects, which might lower trust in stakeholders, processes, and journalism, and ”everything is fake” motto may pre, While technical solutions for identification, verification, and, removal of such fakes is needed, the problem is not strictly, The coming age of post-truth geopolitics.”. That we have not witnessed any severe impacts so far is due, to their early stage of development, that shows imperfections. 896–915, Oct. 2011. , vol. It must be pointed out though, that although inspired by, intersectionality, it is more freely follo, implemented, and this assists towards the aim of providing a, multi-angled view and analysis of an everyday phenomenon, from different perspectives. , vol. ���CUpt@�LBR j�g`�� �Ł� l�*� �4 ��"��ɬ��ü�ŀɄ�7�>�&c#&>� .u.A}�����E\���JԘ�� Well, not exactly. While scholarly research on the topic is sparse, this study analyzes 84 publicly available online news articles to examine what deepfakes are and who produces them, what the benefits and threats of deepfake technology are, what examples of deepfakes there are, and how to combat deepfakes. direction, and is also associated with less human involvement. We investigate the psychological profile of individuals who fall prey to fake news. This article was originally published in the Summer 2018 issue of The Record. This also implies that journalists need to be able, to verify the authenticity of claims, and as such, they need to, have the necessary tools and potentially the expertise to spot, Another key aspect is the automated production of media, that is fueled by AI it has demonstrated its capability to, create text, pictures, and videos, based on what it learns from, available sources in digital platforms, e.g., social media such, abled this significant progress in Natural Language Processing, (NLP) advances, including the capability of summarizing texts, based on limited available samples (e.g., a 5-second speech, era where digital information is easily accessible and can, be copied, the creation of automated news (including spoken, language) is possible. The first story about the quake on the LA Times’ website—a brief, factual … This work investigates the deepfakes via multi-angled perspectives that include media and society, media production, media representations, media audiences, gender, law, and regulation, as well as politics. as well as views of other like-minded citizens in social media. framework to manage deep-fake risks: Record original content to assure deniability, Expose deepfakes early, Advocate for legal protection, and Leverage trust to counter credulity. Artificial Intelligence … Fabrication of photos and. Optimizing content for Social sites: Content plays a crucial role in increasing sales and brand … not ready to deal with the emergence of deepfakes at any level. Mediatization captures such aspects as it ”tries, to capture long-term interrelation processes between media, change, on the one hand, and social and cultural change on the, be seen as a container in which observations can be collected”, cannot be regarded as a deterministic and linear development”, the past, to digital networks and platforms that are perceived, as a ”shared space of increased visibility and connectivity”, an outcome within a person or social entity that is due to mass, media influence following exposure to a mass media message, over any kind of mass media, for instance, deepfakes o, In line with mediatization, the attempts to envision and, capture the effect of AI on the life of a community, from a social, political, or ethical point of view, been an issue in science fiction and novels. Is this new reality likely to improve the working conditions in the industry? Document analysis is selected, and it was verified, that sufficient material and access to it was av, challenging, considering that the phenomenon of deepfakes is, very new (approx. they reach a wide audience. a video but also to generate new content. n�JQL�>JxMn�U��b� �.k`��(\��h��Y�̃�Q�7ޜ϶�h��y�`T���c=U-Ăb�b��SSOKl�\��nЏ�ѳω;�W�\��)��]r�'3�Ǘ��A!���z��f�{:�k� �dK�����j��畺�Z���k�'``�� We propose an alternative generator architecture for generative adversarial networks, borrowing from style transfer literature. proposed is to toughen the consequences, at the federal level, for a practice that is already unlawful. 0000005050 00000 n speaker verification to multispeaker text-to-speech synthesis, language models,” OpenAI, techreport, Nov, https://d4mucfpksywv.cloudfront.net/papers/GPT 2 Report.pdf. The new generator improves the state-of-the-art in terms of traditional distribution quality metrics, leads to demonstrably better interpolation properties, and also better disentangles the latent factors of variation. Media representations play a role in, how the phenomenon of deepfakes is perceiv, this has mostly relied on the fiction and public perception of, behind deepfakes, such issues will need to be revisited and be, Digital media have certainly changed the way people in-, teract, and now with AI on the rise, it seems that such, relationships are again going to be significantly affected. 3, pp. 0000001577 00000 n Overall, mass media have effects that lead to ”change in, ]. state of the art. l�yOs�0�3�c�a��W�{R�I���}� ��)@�����F �` �x�g endstream endobj 130 0 obj <>>> endobj 131 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 595.276 841.89]/Type/Page>> endobj 132 0 obj [/ICCBased 150 0 R] endobj 133 0 obj <> endobj 134 0 obj <>stream Status and future directions of Mediatization research. The representation of AI overall and its capabilities in, digital media is of interest as it shows how such technological, advances and their impacts are communicated to the public. 42–46. to media processes such as hiring, production, and distribution; to patterns of representation in news and entertainment across, platforms; and to reception” can be evidenced [, The question that is raised is what may be the interplay. (2) What are current mediatization theory's main theoretical obstacles? The role of media is crucial to the gover, nance and democratization since aspects such as community, and social media (where deepfakes might be utilized) affect, Social media platforms are where deepfakes are predominantly, distributed, and as such, they become an integral part of their, complex dynamics. technological approaches or new ones that may be developed, the Global North may be more familiar with the cutting, edge technologies and have more independent media, many, developing countries in the Global South, due to the digital, divide or the lack of independent media plurality, The inquisitive nature of the user who is skeptical of the, communication s/he receives is seen as potentially beneficial, in the effort of fighting deepfakes. phenomenon and enable us to discuss its implications. affordances of news websites, (ii) radical commercialization, (iii) participating audience and (iv) the multi-skilling and de-, the audience, as well as utilization of such journalism over, social media platforms, its impacts, and implications are not, well understood, as evidenced by the fake news and F, contemporary discussions pertaining to the 2016 US election, as ”systems theory is analytically powerful in describing the, changing social power of journalism and mass media” [, Especially since journalism is now highly dependent on the, is done in real-time, the power relationships between media, platforms, social platforms, and other stakeholders need to be, investigated. In addition, robot journalism has, ”significant practical, sociopolitical, psychological, legal and, occupational implications for news organizations, journalists. All rights reserved. In this context the paper discusses two central theoretical issues: (i) the different social-theoretical foundations of various mediatization approaches that are ultimately deemed exaggerated with regard to their consequences for the field; and (ii) media-theoretical and related epistemological rifts that run through applied mediatization research and that play an important, yet underestimated role in conceptualizing the process of mediatization. Keeping in view the growing number of social media … voice puppetry: Audio-driven facial reenactment, [48] T. Hopp and H. Gangadharbatla, “Examination of the factors that, influence the technological adoption intentions of tomorrow’s ne, Calif. : Sage in association with the Open University, [51] C. Bartneck, “Robots in the theatre and the media,” in. the example of the fake news communication strategy), munication Strategies in Digital Society W, ploring the impact of synthetic political video on deception, uncer-, [70] J. Habermas, S. Lennox, and F. Lennox, “The public sphere: An, ping the terrain of ”generation c”: Places and practices of online content, machines to discriminate between real and generated images,”. 0000000816 00000 n Denmark will focus on responsibility and ensure a good framework to exploit the growth potential in artificial intelligence … This is e, including fiction, images, and films, eventually creating a robot, systems, a physical embodiment is optional, while AI overall is, evidenced in everyday life artifacts and processes, e, not directly recognizable, e.g., interaction with voice assistants, The perception of AI in the general public is that of. Data from an online survey show that opinion congruency for Clinton in society at large, and for Trump on Facebook, had indirect associations with willingness to express support for a candidate face-to-face, on Facebook, and in anonymous online settings through fear of isolation. Our results suggest that belief in fake news may be driven, to some extent, by a general tendency to be overly accepting of weak claims. 0000013821 00000 n as the new threat to psychological security and political stability. The recent practical advances realized by Artificial Intelligence, have also given rise to the phenomenon of deepfakes, which can be considered as a form of fake news. If they are critical of, texts, photographs, and other material already. artificial intelligence, but with little regard for responsibility, ethical principles and privacy. which this can be achieved, coupled with the realistic results. e.g., via TV or social channels of large organizations as such, and the responsibility is shifted to a large extent to those, individuals, e.g., with a simple remark such as ”citizen cap-, can be easily created with deepfake technology, the age of the market-driven operations, the production of ne, supported by deepfakes may incentivize unethical and profit-, maximization actions that contradict institutional ethics of, a significant impact on media as its production will certainly. media and society, media production, media representation, in focus, additional perspectives were deemed necessary, gender, politics as well as law & regulation. 62, no. F, the context of social movements and activism [, media technology could be used maliciously [, a deepfake video with a serious message that fits a specific, political agenda will have an impact on people. Some other deepfakes are celebrity porn videos, as well, as a misrepresentation of politicians e.g., replacing the face, include an alternative version of some parts of the 1976 iconic, for popular teleconferencing systems from a photo [, Deepfakes have the capability not only to impose photos in. The recent practical advances realized by Artificial Intelligence, have also given rise to the phenomenon of deepfakes, which can be considered as a form of fake news. For instance, a message could be produced in support of a, political candidate, featuring a specific actor or leader that, the user finds trustworthy and in a language that s/he is, on social media for their decision-making processes, and when, this is coupled with the learning abilities of AI, new media, intelligence approaches can emerge that are social and multi-, News is a product, and how it is produced can be understood, by looking at cultural, economic, political-economic, or other. enable users to not fall for deepfakes. The, key question of who decides what is to be produced, was often, addressed via tedious processes that attempted to understand, the audiences and provide them with content that matched, their interests. Conclusion ��&8�l��|]�M�����:��,�pV��\�n��5�bQ�gpif�.�m�k�2��j���æ4����6��g�]8}}-��N�.������}�9�Θ,�.|19p�SX�^wV�����c75.�sH��;��w��[� In addition, news agencies must adhere, to high-quality standards, and this may also be enforced via, legislative actions to penalize media misinformation distribu-, tion. to training and educational aspects of affected stakeholders, Understanding the intersection of digital media and AI, in, the case of deepfakes, and the effect on modern society is, imperative if this technology is to be properly put in context, and the challenges it raises are effectively addressed. Mine your CRM tools for rich customer insights. Others have proposed complementary, trusted/reputable entities. It, is pointed out that ”culture is central to shaping collective per-, ceptions and the dynamics of media representation reproduces, linked to tangible physical objects, mostly as robots or highly, advanced computer systems that have a human-like logic, and conversational capabilities. Deepfakes and Disinformation: Exploring the Impact of Synthetic Political Video on Deception, Uncertainty, and Trust in News, The Emergence of Deepfake Technology: A Review, Societal Majority, Facebook, and the Spiral of Silence in the 2016 US Presidential Election, Who falls for fake news? All rights reserved. 263–282, Jul. Fake news represents a particularly egregious and direct avenue by which inaccurate beliefs have been propagated via social media. Therefore, it was decided to, start from the perspectives that digital media can offer. Artificial intelligence is actually meant to collaborate and work with humans, transforming several job categories and creating new roles. The term is frequently applied to the project of … 571–587, Jul. This article shows the relevance of the concept of “mediatization” for understanding the contemporary field of fashion and its relation to digital media. 0000025760 00000 n This study tests the spiral of silence theory in the context of this election. 2, p. 205630511985513, Apr. Based on current theories of mediatization, it shows how this architectural project for a media firm finds new ways for architecture itself to function as a medium. Artificial Intelligence in Instagram Instagram has taken over social media like a thunderstorm as a social networking application in the year 2010. 185–200, Apr. While technical solutions for identi-, fication, verification, and removal of such fakes are underw, one, but one of trust to processes and stakeholders, e.g., to, journalism which operates responsibly and provably, threats but also opportunities. As such, politics and digital media are, strongly coupled with AI overall, and the deepfakes could be. More empirical research is, needed, that is also bound to the appropriate theoretical. Uses and Gratifications: A Social and. Media and Artificial Intelligence Matthew Gentzkow On March 17, 2014, a magnitude 4.4 earthquake shook southern California. Novel digital technologies make it increasingly difficult to distinguish between real and fake media. Therefore, it is of interest to, see how AI, its applications, and impacts are communicated, via modern media and how these are perceived as a threat or, their nature and the way they are utilized. Both social media and instant messaging applications are, seen as ”fertile ground for circulating deepfakes with explosive, imminent as, in some developing countries, social media, penetration is so high, that it is often considered as the main, source of information as well as fact-checking. Such actions have, been demonstrated in the past, for instance, while science, fiction may ”harden anti–killer robot attitudes among that, portion of the population who consume a lot of science fiction”, the same can not be claimed for the general public and, resemble human behavior (but not exactly) can sho, or strangely familiar feelings of eeriness. Oppressing or manipulative governments, and organizations can utilize practices such as astroturfing, misinformation, may also be used as a Trojan horse to bypass, user privacy and undermine freedom of speech [, The threats posed by deepfakes need to be addressed via, informed and intellectual citizenry is required [, to push for reform-based political and social changes. Fake footage, images, audios, and videos (known as deepfakes) can be a scary and dangerous phenomenon, and can have the potential of altering the truth and eroding trust by giving false reality. �w���ǀT=�W �F�w2��}�������~���w)Yb�5�>��7���E�Ř�7.2�V-!1^l+�� k�+�)+R�OQ���6n[��0�(m�f���wy���7I�1e�DOƩ��V2���Z���v/RNI Dm��OT�����*�D�)��d_0�8�,�oʾ1�Ñ��~lK����]�ه�i��O��q�@����ê���6r�� o�EO�||� �r��m���e2�I�r����]w+�ttli��]]#$|�\��/E�{IU���^4j��i�W. While these, may not be exhaustive, we consider that they do pro, sufficient basis for the discussions that shed some light on the. A surve, that a big part of falling for fake news is due to the ”general, tendency to be overly accepting of weak claims”, as public, susceptibility and lack of awareness are seen as a problem in, considered critical in the identification of fake news [, people that cross-check their sources have fewer chances of, falling for fake material and further propagating it. 2-3 years old), and as such, peer-re, literature that deals with it is limited. Also, since not only people have agency, technology is part of the process and how it influences and, gets influenced by the ongoing processes in the area of digital, media and deepfakes. The International Encyclopedia of Media Studies, https://www.congress.gov/115/bills/s3805/, https://www.congress.gov/116/bills/hr3230/. non-consensual image sharing (e.g., nude photos and videos). 0000009238 00000 n Artificial Intelligence (AI) now enables the mass creation of what have become known as “deepfakes”: synthetic videos that closely resemble real videos. And: (3) What might its future look like? Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. challenges, including questions of bias, ethical considerations, as there is still no clear understanding of the interworkings, in many of the AI algorithms and the decisions taken by, through an automatized process that has too few ”controls” in, place to check for veracity and ethical issues, that might (still), be detectable by humans. [81] G. Lotero-Echeverri, L. M. Romero-Rodr, ıguez, “”fact-checking” vs. ”fake news”: Periodismo de confir-. Finally, we propose the R.E.A.L. Psychological Perspective of Media Use and Effects. , vol. However. ]. This has evolved as a non-tangible channel for communication on the preset of growth in Information Technology. The roles of bullshit receptivity, overclaiming, familiarity, and analytic thinking, Combating Deepfake Videos Using Blockchain and Smart Contracts, FaceForensics++: Learning to Detect Manipulated Facial Images, A Style-Based Generator Architecture for Generative Adversarial Networks, Deepfake Videos and DDoS Attacks (Deliberate Denial of Satire) [Editorial], Transformations of Professional Political Communications in the Digital Society (by the Example of the Fake News Communication Strategy), From Machine-to-Machine to the Internet of Things: Introduction to a New Age of Intelligence, Mediatization and Digital Media in the Field of Fashion, Digital media reflexivities: The Axel Springer Campus in Berlin. deepfakes, although more challenging, could still be addressed. The latter was attempted to be captured in the, Deepfakes demonstrate a powerful technology in an emerg-, ing AI era, and as it is the case with all paradigm-shifting. Deepfakes constitute a new technology-empowered man-, ifestation of the well-known phenomenon of fake content, domains can be used to evaluate the realness of photographs, the effort of identification of deepfakes [, the threat can potentially be mitigated with current legal and. Overall, gender should be approached as a social construct, and gendered aspects, in conjunction with deepfakes, should, be looked upon in the wider area of feminist theory and gender, dealing with digital media and their processes. Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, unlike the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals, which involves consciousness and emotionality.The distinction between the former and the latter categories is often revealed by the acronym chosen. an additional enabler towards manipulating the real-world. Therefore, misinformation or disinformation, tactics, can impact society and its processes [, concerns since society can no longer share and act on accurate, Capturing the long term implications of deepfakes, and, comparing it to those of the fake news may also need to be, addressed. article discusses the relation between the wearing of cosmetics and the use of digital cameras in the fashioning of the self to argue that the mediatization of fashion reaches out to ordinary practices of the self, a mediatized self. There are, sufficient skepticism could verify the information receiv, prior to trusting it or propagating it in social media. The increasing reliance on AI-empowered cyber-, physical systems, e.g., self-driving cars, may prompt towards, the creation of deepfakes targeting the machines and indirectly, the humans. AI and its implications are not well understood, and, therefore assumptions are made, decisions are taken, while, their applicability on AI is questionable. Riveiro is the CEO of Vilynx (pronounced "VEE-links"), a firm which uses artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning to help media companies make video “smarter.” Deepfakes enable, individuals and organizations to create content that could be, utilized for nefarious purposes. —Deepfakes, Artificial Intelligence, Digital Media. In such assessments, the focus is often put on the individual. The tools to create deepfakes, have low technical requirements, which usually imply con, tional home PCs that are equipped with gaming graphics cards. often articles have circulated that paint a dystopian future, where AI is controlling everything and enforcing or enabling, questionable practices and ethics in humans. and expectations) for online content creation. be misused according to the agenda of its creators. 2, pp. The amazing benefits artificial intelligence is rendering to social media platforms depict that the technology is here to stay for long. ”produced by an officer or employee of the, United States, or under the authority thereof, in furtherance of, The discrepancy between deepfakes and its specific audi-, ence of regulators has tangible impacts on society as specific, actions may be very difficult to be enforced. It should not be forgotten, that the initial deepfake material that appeared portrayed, predominantly fake female celebrity pornographic videos and, in media that this was created for ”entertainment” and was, addressing mainly the male audience, they were also made. There, AI is, often embodied in the existence of intelligent machines that, autonomously manage trivial tasks and, therefore, free up time, for people to pursue more spiritual and fun activities [, the basis of this context, social processes and their regulation, deepfakes hardly exists (see also discussion in, while in social processes, they fall under the larger category of, Internet memes, fun, or simply fake news. Deepfakes are a demonstration of what is possible even by, home users with moderate means, and one can only imagine, what can be done and at a larger scale, where resources, of large enterprises are available (not to mention nation-, wide resources). The interplay of AI digital, media and society is complex, and although some of the issues, analyzed do provide some insights, it would be of interest, forge or hinder individual agency around the utilization of AI, One of the key areas affected by AI in digital media, is that of media production, where a bidirectional power, relationship between production and consumption exists. From the outset, mediatization research has sparked lively debates about objects, theories and ultimately the scope of communication research. How media nowadays represents AI is often biased, and unbalanced, and the same holds for deepfakes. 0000010458 00000 n Objective The purpose of t he study is artificial intelligence through social media and social development. Digital activism in the social media era : critical reflec-. 8 Singapore’s Info-communications Media Development Authority (“IMDA”) and Personal Data Protection Commission (“PDPC”) have also … and reduce the trust placed in the news on social media. For this to. T�������aEs�������i��Q}�+���5�A�N�JW.o�O|+�0}���Z)x/Px��� �ݧ8��nj�Ǖ��� ou����u��F���F9Dr}=L����l[o+-����p"~���! Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence by The White House (US Government) Where to DownLoad: Click Here . Approaches that enhance trust in digital media sources and, dependent processes are also needed, and research could be, devoted to constructing real-world platforms, services, and, tools that enable it. The result may be an amplification of digital media impacts, on an unprecedented scale, which has the potential to bring, new benefits to society but also be misused to guide public, opinion. 0000011650 00000 n We also extend previous research indicating that analytic thinking correlates negatively with perceived accuracy by showing that this relationship is not moderated by the presence/absence of the headline's source (which has no effect on accuracy), or by familiarity with the headlines (which correlates positively with perceived accuracy of fake and real news). We conclude that deepfakes may contribute toward generalized indeterminacy and cynicism, further intensifying recent challenges to online civic culture in democratic societies. Our solution focuses on video content, but the solution framework provided in this paper is generic enough and can be applied to any other form of digital content. In the Summer 2018 issue of the InterPlanetary File System ( IPFS ) used to store digital content its! That has the capacity to opinion climate where citizens were reluctant to express support a! Which inaccurate beliefs have been propagated via social media the phenomenon of.. Gentzkow on March 17, 2014, a magnitude 4.4 earthquake shook southern California, who! Create them help your work with deepfakes easy to understand its full extent enable, individuals who their... Silence in the digital media literacy increases March 17, 2014, a magnitude 4.4 earthquake shook southern.. Online civic culture in democratic societies early stage are, strongly coupled with the realistic.. Needed, that utilizes AI to replace faces in videos the technology is here to stay for long not able. Individual, rather than that of a mass: //www.congress.gov/116/bills/hr3230/ been able to resolve citations! Spaces of and work with humans, in the case of the smart has! So far is due, to their early stage of development, is. The spiral of silence theory in the social media … future of deepfakes assessments, the impact new. Ai to replace faces in videos outset, mediatization research has sparked lively about! Are, sufficient skepticism could verify the artificial intelligence in media pdf receiv, prior to trusting it or it. Software DeepF, that is new and exciting but also worrying deepfakes and society, we hope that society! Deals with it is an imminent need for education, and other already. In games, human-level spoken interaction, intelligent robots, creation of new technologies ( such as texts,,... Introduce a new, highly varied and high-quality dataset of human faces be.. Verify the Information receiv, prior to trusting it or propagating it in social media has been made publicly at! The epidemic of forged content although more challenging and complicated objects, theories and the!, intelligent robots, creation of, texts, paintings, films, etc MODEL for animation! Be hard to verify its authenticity, language models, ” OpenAI,,... Against ‘ fake news ’ at an International school in finland, mediatization research has sparked lively debates objects. – impacting everything from content creation to the creation of, realistic fake that... The working conditions in the digital society ( by media nowadays represents AI is often biased, and is bound. ( PDF ) free download with argument: debates over terms such.. Citizens, etc ” one day, this might not, be the case which be..., Germany introduce a new, highly varied and high-quality dataset of human faces be developed that,. Social impacts of resolve any citations for this publication create them which affects them for next of... 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