The causal analysis results showed that the component of improved conditions (social, cultural, political, and health-related items) had the greatest impact on the behavior of adopting nuclear technology in agriculture (β = 0.464). People refuse to use nuclear technology in agricultural production due to the imposed expenses. The research method was descriptive-correlational and causal-relationship and a survey was used to collect the required data. Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: Vol: 5; Other … There are a number of other beneficial uses for nuclear technology in addition to creating electricity. Nation Nuclear technology makes it possible … The statistical population of this study consists of agricultural activists including faculty members of state departments of agriculture and research centers in Tehran and Alborz Provinces, Iran (N = 275); out of which, 160 individuals were selected through Krejcie and Morgan Table using stratified random sampling method with proportional assignment. The isotopes used in much of the Joint FAO/International Atomic Energy Agency Programme’s work exist in nature – soil, plants, animals and air, and subsequently in the food we eat. NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE. [1] Labeling different quantities and types of fertilizers with radioisotopes allows … Nuclear technology uses radiation to improve the productivity of the entire food chain in a substantial manner. These range from agriculture to medical, and space exploration to water desalination. Nuclear Technology in Agriculture: How Africa Benefits, Whether it relates to the mutation of plants, pest control, seed irradiation, disease prevention or sanitation, nuclear technology is paving the way to revolutionize agriculture in Africa. On December 5 to 9, 2016, the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute will open its door to the public. And those who lack access are the ones who need it the most. Here are just a few examples of revolutionary initiatives already underway in Africa’s agricultural industry: Whether it relates to the mutation of plants, pest control, seed irradiation, disease prevention or sanitation, nuclear technology is paving the way to revolutionize agriculture in Africa. Farmers here used to count on losing pounds of valuable beef to the fingernail-size pest. In Africa, nearly 800 million people are suffering from chronic malnourishment, and many attribute this to the lack of technological advancements and energy deficits. IAEA, Use of Isotope and Radiation Methods in Soil Water Management and Crop Nutrition. Nuclear technology also helps treat cancer, test drugs and to sterilize surgical instruments and medical supplies. Radioisotopes and radiation used in food and agriculture are helping to reduce these figures. And Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA) demonstrates the government’s intention as it uses nuclear technology for increasing productivity. The tsetse fly’s toxic bite kills an estimated 3 million livestock annually in sub-Saharan Africa. Toggle navigation Subscribe E-paper. Here are just a few examples: Water Use and Soil Management. Neutron meters improve irrigation practices that help conserve water and protect vulnerable land. The research method was descriptive-correlational and causal-relationship and a survey was used to collect the required data. A farmer pulls off a corn at a corn field on the outskirts of Beijing. The nuclear-derived cross-breeding programme in Burkina Faso is a great example of helping farmers to breed more productive and climate-resistant animals. Radiation can kill bacteria that would cause crop failure and technology can alter the makeup of plant genes to increase crop production. Vienna, Austria.Vol. In many parts of the world, agricultural workers use radiation to prevent harmful insects from reproducing. Neutron meters improve irrigation practices that help conserve water and protect vulnerable land. It has the same benefits as when food is heated, refrigerated, frozen, or treated with chemicals, but does not change the temperature or leave residues. Accordingly, the present study aims to carry out a causal analysis of the adoption behavior towards the use of nuclear technology in agriculture. Some of the most innovative ways being used to improve agricultural practices involve nuclear technology. Agriculture and Food. The radiation changes the properties of crops in order to sustain life and full cultivation. : EURATOM-ITAL, Wageningen, Netherlands OSTI Identifier: 4578039 NSA Number: NSA-20-008527 Resource Type: Journal Article Journal Name: Neue Technik See NT, Neue Tech. 2. Many farmers have found benefit in reducing the amount of fertilizer they use in producing large yields as it reduces cost and lessens any environmental harm. PADANG TERAP: Nuclear technology applications in the field of agriculture to produce premium grade mushroom seeds, specifically the Volvariella mushroom, will be expanded to cut down import dependence.. Science, Technology and Innovation Ministry (MOSTI) Deputy Secretary-General, Prof Dr Ramzah Dambul said via the Mutagenesis technique which used gamma ray, for example, succeeded … © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. grammes involving the use of radiation and isotopes in food and agriculture. With resources being depleted at an irreversible rate, the need for a nuclear technology revolution in Africa has never been more necessary. In 2007, in response to a request from the Government of Croatia, the Joint FAO/IAEA Division initiated technical and economic feasibility studies to determine if the area According to Farm Press, nuclear power is considered cheap to be used in agriculture development. The results of correlational tests showed that the variables of triability, compatibility, relative advantage, usefulness, attitude, social norms, and improved conditions (including social, cultural, political, and health-related items) have a positive and significant correlation with the behavior of adopting nuclear technology in agricultural sector. What is agricultural nuclear technology? In comparison with other agricul-tural establishments in China's coastal regions — some of which started work on the application of nuclear tech-niques in agriculture many years ago and have made considerable progress — the Southwest Agricultural The Joint FAO/IAEA Division helps countries develop capacity to optimize their use of nuclear techniques to confront and mitigate impacts of climate change on agricultural systems and food security – nuclear For example, some crops can become resistant to pests and parasites without harmful pesticides. One of the most important issues in this respect is nuclear technology. The purpose was to causal analyze the adoption of nuclear technology in agriculture. The attributes of naturally decaying atoms, known as radioisotopes, give rise to their multiple applications across many aspects of modern day life (see also information paper on The Many Uses of Nuclear Technology). The general public wants to stay away from any nuclear power or anything that can cause harm. However, nuclear energy is being widely used in agriculture which includes food production, animal production, crop production, fertilizer, soil fertility and more. Nuclear technology uses radiation to improve the productivity of the entire food chain in a substantial manner. 4, page 2-8. Africa’s agricultural industry remains in jeopardy as crops fail due to climate change and livestock die off due to rising zoonic plagues. IAEA Bulletin. These range from agriculture to medical, and space exploration to water desalination. The results showed component of improved conditions had the greatest impact on behavior of adopting nuclear technology. Some isotopes are referred to as 'stable' as they are unchanging over time. Among the techniques being used in the partnership are Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) and Total-reflection X-Ray Fluorescence (TXRF). • Show how plants absorb fertilizer, helping farmers to learn when to apply fertilizer and how much to use. Nuclear technology is very useful in the control of insect pests, in the maximum use of water resources, in the improvement of crop varieties or in the establishment of the necessary conditions to optimize the effectiveness of fertilizers and water. Nuclear technology has many applications. The nuclear-derived cross-breeding programme in Burkina Faso is a great example of helping farmers to breed more productive and climate-resistant animals. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. . Full Record; Other Related Research; Authors: de Zeeuw, D Publication Date: Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1965 Research Org. Just as X-rays and other nuclear techniques have benefitted medicine, their application in agriculture is well intentioned. Isotopes are variants of a given chemical element that have nuclei with the same number of protons, but different numbers of neutrons. Leave a reply. Here are … of nuclear energy, one of them being agriculture. There are a number of other beneficial uses for nuclear technology in addition to creating electricity. Some of the most innovative ways being used to improve agricultural practices involve nuclear technology. Nuclear technologies role in increasing crop production can be seen in a couple of areas, but most importantly in its impact it has had on the reduction of fertilizer. Nuclear power is a type of nuclear technology involving the controlled use of nuclear fission to release energy for work including propulsion, heat, and the generation of electricity. That's why Nigeria, which already has one nuclear science facility able to operate in six different modes, plans to boost the economic and scientific potentials of nuclear technology in the country. SEATTLE — When most people think of nuclear technology they think of poisonous radiation, dangerous mutations and atomic bombs. Scientists use them in a number of ways in the food and agriculture sector While nuclear technology may seem like a foreign entity, it’s actually present in our every day lives. Recently the IAEA and FAO met in Vienna at the Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and technology to discuss progress made in sustainable development and work to improve nuclear technology in agriculture not only in Africa but throughout the entire world. So far the Institute has succeeded in ushering in new varieties of rice using advanced nuclear technologies and Bangladesh is on the verge of becoming self-reliant in the field. BORGEN Magazine is produced by The Borgen Project, an influential humanitarian organization working to make global poverty a focus of U.S. foreign policy. China is conducting experiments to apply nuclear technology to improve the yield of agricultural produce. On December 5 to 9, 2016, the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute will open its door to the public. Nuclear technology in agriculture is the process of using radiation to change the characteristics of genes in plants, seeds and organisms. Accordingly, the present study aims to carry out a causal analysis of the adoption behavior towards the use of nuclear technology in agriculture. During these dates, PNRI-DOST will celebrate the 44 th Atomic Energy Week. For example, some crops can become resistant to pests and parasites without harmful pesticides. Nuclear science and technology can contribute a lot of benefits to the environment, medicine and also in the agriculture industry in the Philippines. Agriculture uses nuclear chemistry and radioactive isotopes to: • Develop varieties of hardier, more disease-resistant crops. Nuclear Science And Technology Beneficial To Agriculture Industry. The research method was descriptive-correlational and causal- relationship. In many parts of the world, agricultural workers use radiation to … Manual. Nuclear technology is also very useful in pest control, increasing food production and reducing the amount of necessary fertilizers. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have been working to improve nuclear technology in the agricultural industry for half a century. Tagging fertilizers with radioisotopes can determine how plants are using nutrients. This problem is particularly prevalent in hot, humid countries. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The agricultural sector uses nuclear and related technologies to adapt to climate change by increasing resource-use efficiency and productivity in a sustainable way. Indeed, less than half of the continent has access to electricity making any developments, technological or nuclear, nearly impossible. Some 25-30% of food harvested is lost as a result of spoilage before it can be consumed. One of the most important issues in this respect is nuclear technology. The radiation changes the properties of crops in order to sustain life and full cultivation. Tuesday, October, 20, 2020. Food irradiation is the process of exposing foodstuffs to gamma rays to kill bacteria that can cause food-borne disease, and to increase shelf-life. Nuclear energy is produced by a controlled nuclear chain reaction which creates heat—and which is used to boil water, produce steam, and drive a steam turbine. Nuclear energy is found to be the cheapest power source for agriculture. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Recently the IAEA and FAO met in Vienna at the Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and technology to discuss, Combatting COVID-19 Challenges for Women and Children in Africa, The BINP: Fighting Poverty in Uganda by Saving Gorillas, Women for Africa Foundation: Empowering Young Female Leaders, How the Coffee Industry is Addressing Global Poverty, The Borgen Project Celebrates the Reintroduction of the Global Health Security Act, The Borgen Project Applauds Passage of the Malala Scholarship Act, The COVID-19 Crisis in FCV-Affected Countries, COVID-19 Travel Bans Impact Least Developed Countries. 34, No. The agricultural sector uses nuclear and related technologies to adapt to climate change by increasing resource-use efficiency and productivity in a sustainable way. Nuclear technologies can prevent much of this loss by delaying spoilage. The research instrument was a questionnaire, the validity of which was approved by a number of specialists in the field of agricultural education and extension as well as agricultural nuclear technology. Nuclear science and technology can contribute a lot of benefits to the environment, medicine and also in the agriculture industry in the Philippines. • Pinpoint where illnesses strike animals, allowing the breeding of disease-resistant livestock. Implementation of nuclear technologies in agriculture would be beneficial in Africa. • Agriculture and Food Safety: One-third to one-half of the food produced in the world is lost due to spoilage and infestation2. Others are 'unstable' or radioactive since their nuclei change over time through the loss of alpha and beta particles. To apply the technology in agriculture and food management, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have been cooperating for over half a century. In the field of agriculture, radio isotope and radiation techniques are applied to improve the quality of food by inducing mutations in plants and seeds to obtain the desired crop varieties without having to wait out the long process of natural mutation. Iraq is increasingly making use of nuclear technology to improve its crop yields and cope with challenges brought about by a changing climate. In all parts of the world there is growing use of irradiation technology to … ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Moreover, the results of statistical tests of comparison of means (Kruskal-Wallis) revealed that the attitudes of faculty members in Agricultural Research Institute of Atomic Energy Organization in terms of views, knowledge, behavior, and tendency to nuclear technology adoption in agricultural sector were significantly different from those of other respondents. Here are just a few examples: Water Use and Soil Management. The IAEA and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) signed a cooperation agreement last week, which will enable the two organizations to enhance integration of the peaceful uses of nuclear technology in the implementation of industrial development projects in their common Member States. In this case the technique uses carbon-14, which consists of determining the amount of this isotope contained in an organic body to find out the sample’s age. 10: The majority of individuals prefer to use organic products in agriculture. agricultural systems resilient to these changes is critical for efforts to achieve global food security. Nuclear techniques also help in the control of pests such as the tsetse fly. Researchers in Iraq have developed new drought-tolerant plant varieties and improved water and soil management. Simultaneous achievement of sustainability, profitability, and productivity in the agricultural sector requires the development and utilization of appropriate technologies derived from agricultural research and extension of technological innovations in this sector. It has been reported that the increasing price of gasoline, electricity, diesel fuel and natural gas is one of the major problems to farmers. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2018.08.001. In fact, it plays an important role in medicine, water sanitation, electricity and even the food industry. The IAEA warns that at the current rate of fossil fuel consumption, our entire supply could be drained by 2030. Scientists use them in a number of ways in the food and agriculture sector Combating pests and diseases: the sterile insect technique involves mass producing insect pests and sterilizing them with gamma radiation emitted by radioisotopes; when the males are released in the target region and mate with wild females of the pest population, they create no offspring. Simultaneous achievement of sustainability, profitability, and productivity in the agricultural sector requires the development and utilization of appropriate technologies derived from agricultural research and extension of technological innovations in this sector. Nuclear applications in agriculture On-the-ground success Part III Through its focus on nuclear applications in food and agriculture, the Joint FAO/IAEA Division provides dedicated solutions that contribute towards national, regional and global attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals’. Tag Archives: agriculture and nuclear technology How to Kill the Tsetse Fly: Use Nuclear Energy. Unable to increase pesticide use to maintain the lucrative export market, in this region, the Croatian citrus industry has moved to integrate nuclear technology. The application of isotopesto agriculture has allowed to increase the agricultural production of the less developed countries. Topics include all aspects of reactor technology: operations, safety materials, instrumentation, fuel, and waste management. The reliability of the whole items of the questionnaire was also obtained through a pilot study using Cronbach's alpha test (0.62≤α ≤ 0.82). Nuclear technology in agriculture is the process of using radiation to change the characteristics of genes in plants, seeds and organisms. However, the combined efforts of the IAEA and FAO, nuclear technology could revolutionize agriculture in Africa and save its at-risk citizens from hunger. According to Farm Press, nuclear power is considered cheap to be used in agriculture development. Nuclear technology is also used to determine the age of works of art. One of the most important issues in this respect is nuclear technology. By Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Using nuclear sciences to feed the world. Food irradiation For example, nuclear energy can be used in production of nitrogen fertilizer instead of natural gas which … Nuclear Techniques and Sustainable agricultural development. Nuclear technologies are playing a big role in the development of agricultural technologies, helping farming communities increase crop production, control pests and diseases, and improve water quality. Researcher-made: 9: Some refuse to accept this technology in agriculture because they believe that it leads to the contamination of agricultural products. • Improve the nutritional value of crops. While the United States and other developed countries have benefitted immensely from the use of nuclear technology in agriculture many many developing countries are missing out. Some African nations are already utilizing nuclear technology in agriculture to optimize cultivation, control pests and insects and kill bacteria. Adoption behavior towards the use of nuclear technology in agriculture: A causal analysis. Nuclear applications in agriculture rely on the use of isotopes and radiation techniques to combat pests and diseases, increase crop production, protect land and water resources, ensure food safety and authenticity, and increase livestock production. Electricity making any developments, technological or nuclear, nearly impossible power or anything can..., Safety materials, instrumentation, fuel, and space exploration to water desalination space exploration to water desalination,... Causal analysis of the food produced in the partnership are Energy Dispersive X-Ray (... 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