THE GOOD: The most certain treatment to destroy Giardia and Cryptosporidium is to bring water to a rolling boil for at least one minute. The trail runs for 94 miles through Tennessee, then shares another 160 miles with the North Carolina border. Instant oatmeal or grits, powdered milk and breakfast cereals that won’t crush easily, and toaster pastries are quick favorites. Water information is updated as often as possible based on reports from credible sources but may not always be completely current. An overly heavy pack with excess food can take the fun out of backpacking. Make sure to carry a plastic bag to pack-out anything you don’t consume, like apple cores, excess food, or food packaging. THE BAD: Only filters that contain a chemical disinfectant matrix will be effective against some viruses. Some springs and streams dry up during late summer and early fall, so plan carefully. Each map is focused on the Appalachian Trail and overlaps with the neighboring maps. On a day hike, broken-in tennis shoes can be a better choice than brand-new boots. These ensure you can regulate your temperature when the rain sets in or the wind picks up. Nutrition: Pack enough snacks to fuel your body for the exertion of your hike. Water faucets, pumps, or spigots are rare. In cold weather, when you need more calories to stay warm. —. Frequently asked questions. It’s one of the three primary long-distance trails in the United States, and while thru-hiking the entire trail from start to finish is popular, there’s also plenty of opportunity for day hiking. Wet cotton can be worse than nothing and can contribute to hypothermia, a potentially fatal threat. THE BAD: This method is time-consuming, requires additional fuel, and may affect the taste of water. Many lightweight backpacking staples can be purchased at a grocery store. Most, but not all, shelters are near a reliable water source. Water in the backcountry and in water sources along the Trail may be clear, cold and free-running, and may look, smell and taste good, but can still be contaminated by microorganisms, including Giardia lamblia and others that can cause diarrhea or stomach problems. What you carry with you on your hike depends on how far you’re going, where, and when. Tuna or chicken in foil packets can add protein, or textured vegetable protein (tvp) can be used. For short trips, take a supply of water from home or from other treated domestic sources. Layers like a fleece sweater or jacket, long pants, and gloves are essentials to your backpack when you’re hiking anytime beyond the height of summer. Band-Aids), moleskin, gauze, elastic bandage (e.g. The elevation profile side includes trail mileage, shelter locations, campsites, water sources, resupply points, lodging, outfitters, and post offices and much more. There is no camping along this trail, but snacks, drinks and water refills are available at the Hike Inn for a donation. A hiking umbrella can also help keep you dry and make hiking in the rain more pleasant. The Appalachian Trail Conservancy is a 501c3 organization. Guidebooks, apps, and some maps will mark the locations of viable water sources for hikers to take advantage of. On a long-distance hike you will develop a bigger appetite and may also need to carry more. Proceeds from the sale of these maps go back into the protection of the Appalachian Trail experience through volunteer- Be sure to pack out all your garbage, including items such as apple cores and orange peels. If you bring a GPS, bring extra batteries, and know how to use it. An easy-to-use elevation profile shows the distance to the next campsite or shelter, side trails, and water sources. in running shoes or cross-trainers. Synthetic fabrics such as polypropylene and various acrylic blends as well as wool or silk help protect you against the dangers of hypothermia. Items for the Elements: Sunglasses, sunscreen, insect repellent, and a sun hat are all essentials for a safe and enjoyable trip. Water faucets, pumps, or spigots are rare. Some springs and streams dry up during late summer and early fall, so plan carefully. Ace bandage), sports tape, anti-diarrheal, antihistamine, anti-inflammatory, antibiotic cream, tweezers, etc. Please note that in colder months, some springs may freeze. Wide-open views, crisp air and solitude make for a cool hike, but when winter hiking, being prepared is key. The 125 miles of the Appalachian Trail that follow Pennsylvania's Kittatinny Ridge see an incredible amount of hawk and eagle migrations. campsite or shelter, side trails, and water sources. Don’t burn garbage in a campfire; it rarely burns completely and may produce harmful fumes. On state game lands camping is allowed only within 200 feet of the Appalachian Trail. On the trail you have to collect the water as you come to a source. MAPS. An easy-to-use elevation profile shows the distance to the next campsite or shelter, side trails, and water sources. Energy bars or a mix of dried fruit, nuts, and chocolate bits work well. Use a filter that has been tested and rated by National Safety Foundation (NSF) Standard 53 or NSF Standard 58 for cyst and oocyst reduction (Absolute greater than or equal to 1.0 micron filter.). Appalachian Trail Conservancy online store: Can purchase individual trail maps and guidebook by state or can purchase complete set of maps/guidebooks for the trail. Whether on the footpath itself or on Capitol Hill, obstacles arise every day that threaten the Appalachian Trail. Step on it to make sure it’s all in there tight so wildlife won’t discover it. These ensure you can regulate your temperature when the rain sets in or the wind picks up. Camping in state parks is limited to designated sites. The Appalachian Trail (AT) runs 2,190 miles from Springer Mountain in Georgia, to Mount Katahdin in Maine. When deciding how much food to carry for your trip, keep these tips in mind. We’re here to protect it. Appalachian Trail Conservancy Guides and Maps ; Appalachian Trail Database (the “ATDB”) is a geographical dictionary collecting trail mileage, position, and elevation for over 500 A.T. Waypoints, including: Trail Shelters, Post Offices, Features, and Hostels. Best practices recommend that hikers filter, boil, or chemically treat all water before consumption or use. Wherever you are on the Appalachian Trail, birds offer sweet companionship. Georgia Appalachian Trail Club (GATC) monitors the quality of water as part of its Trail Management Plan. Georgia Appalachian Trail Club (GATC) monitors the quality of water as part of its Trail Management Plan. Pack one extra meal for use in the event of an emergency that keeps you on Trail longer than expected. Remember, the heavier your pack, the more substantial a shoe you will need. Guides , Trail Maps, and Great Reads from AMC Books AMC Books & Maps Since 1889, the Appalachian Mountain Club has published the most trusted guidebooks on hiking, biking, paddling, and exploring the mountains, rivers, trails, and seacoasts of the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic. A collection of resources for hikers to stay safe, healthy, and responsible on the Appalachian Trail. Crackers and cheese, tuna and chicken in foil packets, tortillas, pita bread or bagels, and peanut butter, nut butters and other spreadable items are popular lunch options. *Note that most hand-sanitizers have been proven ineffective against norovirus. These chemicals are either completely ineffective or at best, moderately effective at killing the protozoa Cryptosporidium. Please enable it for the best experience. Each map is focused on the Appalachian Trail and overlaps with the neighboring maps. THE BAD:​ Contact time, disinfectant concentration, water temperature, water cloudiness, PH, and other factors can impact the effectiveness of chemical disinfectants. Pack cover or a contractor garbage bag as a pack liner, Location regulations (call the local ranger station for whatever land you’re on). ​Don’t forget that some items can be shared with a partner to lighten the load! It has stunning panoramic views of the surrounding mountains. But since these spoil quickly or are heavy due to their high water content, they’re not good for extended backpacking trips. Length: 78.5 miles (0 to 78.5)Highest Point: 4,458 ft (Blood Mountain)Overview and Why it is Awesome: Springer Mountain has become an iconic landmark for the Appalachian Trail. Navigation: Planning ahead so that you know the terrain you expect to cover and how the trail is marked is an important first step for hiking. Appalachian Trail Guide to TN-NC, published by the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, is the official guide for the AT from Damascus, VA through the Smoky Mountains to Fontana Dam.Includes route descriptions, elevation profiles, natural & cultural history. The Appalachian Trail Conservancy’s mission is to protect, manage, and advocate for the Appalachian National Scenic Trail. Bringing a guidebook can also help orient you along the way by describing landmarks, etc. Things you should consider carrying in your emergency kit include: duct-tape, cordage, knife, whistle, repair kit for stove/mattress, needle and thread. Small emergency kit: In packing for the unexpected it can be easy to bring too much, but being prepared for the unforeseen is also part of the responsibility of heading into the outdoors. • Waterproof • Tear-Resistant • Topographic MapThe Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) in this part of southern California travels through the scrub-covered Sierra Pelona and into the pines of the San Gabriel and San Bernardino ranges. Everything you need to know. If you bring a GPS, bring extra batteries, and know how to use it. If you poop, dig a hole 6’’ – 8’’ with your trowel 70 paces (200 feet) from the Trail and 70 paces from water, and then put the dirt you took out of the hole back on top using a stick. Appalachian Trail Water Filter. An easy-to-use elevation profile shows ups and downs and the distance to the next campsite or shelter, side trails, and water sources. Appalachian Trail America's most popular National Scenic Trail The Appalachian Trail (A.T.), one of the first national scenic trails, stretches more than 2,189 miles through 14 states from Georgia’s Springer Mountain to Katahdin in Maine. Don’t pack fresh foods – they’re heavy and they spoil. (Note: During the COVID-19 pandemic, hikers are advised to avoid using shelters due to the difficulty of social distancing and the potential contracting or spreading the virus on shared surfaces. Items for the Elements: Sunglasses, sunscreen, insect repellent, and sun hat are all essentials for a safe and enjoyable trip. Most shelters are situated in close proximity to a spring, and many hikers rely on the fact that if the water runs directly from the ground, it is usually safe to consume. Yet, as hiker numbers soar, bird populations tumble. Backpackers on the A.T. should always carry a tent, tarp, bivy, or hammock. Bathroom stuff sack: In your stuff sack pack: tissues, trowel, hand sanitizer*, and a resealable plastic bag. If you pee and use toilet paper (TP), pack it out in the resealable plastic bag. A water purification system like iodine, bleach, Aqua Mira, filters, or UV light are recommended since they neutralize or eliminate viruses, bacteria and other naturally occurring entities that could be harmful to hikers. Best practices recommend that hikers filter, boil, or chemically treat all water before consumption or use. If you hike the Trail in 2021, proper planning and preparation will help ensure everyone’s A.T. experiences are safe, healthy, responsible, and successful. Volunteer opportunities are limited at this time due to COVID-19. Insect repellent will save your sanity on Trail, and the protection from the sun will preserve the youthfulness you gain by time spent outdoors. Reliable, natural water sources are listed in guidebooks, and springs and streams are marked on most official A.T. maps. If you’re backpacking and plan to camp out, we suggest you consult a good “how-to” book for details about what to carry, or that you talk to an experienced hiker. The best source for the latest information on where water can or cannot be found is from a true Trail Angel, Ron Brown. Dehydrating your own food can provide you with nutritious and lightweight meals and snacks, but is labor and time-intensive. Each map is focused on the Appalachian Trail and overlaps with the neighboring maps. Appalachian Trail route through Great Smoky Mountains National Park NPS Map On the southwest end, where most AT hikers start, the trail crosses into the park at Fontana Dam, ascends up to its highest point at Clingmans Dome and back down in elevation in the northeast area of the park where it exits at Davenport Gap. His frequent Facebook posts let hikers and water bearers know where the water has run dry and where to hide a gallon or two for travelers of the Trail. This is where it all begins (or ends). In some areas, campfires are prohibited. For added interest, maps indicate road crossings, waterfalls, and scenic areas. The ATC recommends the use of biodegradable soap and water to ensure the effective killing of the virus. 1.5 to 2 pounds per day to start can be adequate in most circumstances if your food is high in calories, but if you are doing big miles or rugged terrain with a lot of elevation gain you will probably need more. Hydration: Whether you use water bottles or a tube hydration system, have the capacity to carry at least 2 quarts. The Appalachian Trail (A.T.) interactive map, built cooperatively by the Appalachian Trail Conservancy (ATC) and National Park Service using ESRI's Arc GIS Online mapping technology. Map Resources . You will want to bring a map or guidebook and compass and know how to use them so you can navigate in the field. The ATC recommends that a bear canister as the most effective method of protecting your food from bears and other critters and keeping yourself and bears safe from the consequences of bears becoming habituated to human food. Reliable, natural water sources are listed in guidebooks, and springs and streams are marked on most official A.T. maps. THE GOOD: Filtration can be used as a pathogen reduction method against most microorganisms, depending on the pore size of the filter, amount of the contaminant, particle size of the contaminant, and charge of the contaminant particle. The surrounding area and additional side trails are also included. Boiling will also destroy other organisms causing waterborne diseases. The surrounding area, out to about three miles, and additional side trails are also included. Be particularly aware that pre-treating clothes and gear with permethrin is another wise defense against ticks. Each map is focused on the Appalachian Trail and overlaps with the neighboring maps, ideal for long-distance hikes and planning. Many shelters are closed during the pandemic). Dried foods like pasta that can be boiled and prepared on portable stoves are popular with hikers. Shop for boots in the afternoon as feet swell throughout the day. Personal first aid kit: Things you might carry include: adhesive bandages (e.g. Since hiking will make you sweat, no matter the weather, shedding layers enables you to regulate your body temperature more effectively than choosing between keeping a heavy jacket on or taking it off. Pack one extra snack for use in the event of an emergency that keeps you on Trail longer than expected. If you pee and use toilet paper (TP), pack it out in the resealable plastic bag. Carry a water treatment system or boil water for at least a minute. 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