Originally recognized as Coteaux de Tricistan in 1973, this region was allowed to change its name in 2012. The grape, which is believed to have originated in or close to the Rhône region, is also widely known as Shiraz, its name in Australia and much of the English-speaking world, and has recently become very popular with consumers around the world. In 2005, the region was sanctioned for still red wines from Grenache and Syrah that are full of deep fruits and spice. Châteauneuf-du-Pape is considered –by most– to be the benchmark of the Southern Rhône. Other appellations falling outside the main Rhône area in terms of wine styles but administratively within it are Clairette de Die AOC, Crémant de Die AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Luberon AOC, Ventoux AOC, Côtes du Vivarais AOC. Get the James Beard Award-winning book! Official Rhône wine trade association website, "Cairanne promoted to Côtes du Rhône cru - Decanter", JORF n°177 du 1 août 2004 page 13753 texte n° 25: Arrêté du 19 juillet 2004 relatif à la composition des comités régionaux vins et eaux-de-vie de l'Institut national des appellations d'origine, AOC regulations for Condrieu, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Château-Grillet, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Cornas, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côte-Rôtie, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Hermitage, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Crozes-Hermitage, version 29 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Joseph, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Péray, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Beaumes de Venise, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Châteauneuf-du-Pape, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Gigondas, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Lirac, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Rasteau, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Tavel, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Vacqueyras, version 14 October 2009, Les Vins des Côtes du Rhône - Côtes du Rhône official site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhône_wine&oldid=998671675, France articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 14:00. Tavel is an appellation of the southern Rhône valley, unique in its specialization in dry rosé wines. The vineyards lie on extremely steep slopes on either side of a deep valley, creating a slightly warmer microclimate, giving us zesty sparklers made in the traditional Champenoise method. The name of one, Côte-Rôtie, or “roasted slope,” tells you what you need to know about the local climate.Here, the summer sun shines all day long on vineyards carved from rocky hills, producing fully ripe grapes and tannic, concentrated, ageworthy red Rhône wines. Major Southern Rhone Wine Appellations Chateauneuf-du-Pape: The most famous and regal of the southern Rhone appellations, Chateauneuf du Pape ("the new home of the pope") generally makes wines that fetch the highest prices, get the highest ratings and will age the longest of all these wines. Famous the world over, the wines from Hermitage come from the small vineyards overlooking the village of Tain-l’Hermitage. Located just south of Lirac, Tavel’s vineyards date back to the Greek era and the 5th Century BC. The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. Some suggested that the Greeks were responsible for bringing the Syrah grape from the Persian city of Shiraz. Châteauneuf-du-Pape was the very first French wine … From Lyon to the Camargue region, passing through the regions of Provence and the Luberon, discover the region’s rich history and taste the range of Rhône wines. For wines bearing the Cornas AOC designation, Syrah must be used exclusively, whereas other reds from the northern Rhône sub-region may be blended with white wine grapes, either Viognier or Marsanne and Roussanne, depending on the appellation. Gigondas AOC, on the other hand, is predominantly made from Grenache noir has a more restricted set of permitted grapes. Cairanne is a delightful village set on a rocky outcrop, offering visitors an irresistible range of luscious red and white wines. The “Roasted Slope” is home to some of the steepest vineyards in all of France. One of the best places in the world for Syrah. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Seems there was a nuclear power plant in the area with the same name that had a little meltdown in 2008; not a marketer’s dream! Native garrigue and lavender are major influences. Accounting for 50% of the valley’s production, this is the ‘entry level’ classification. Lush, black fruits with a generous ripe and meaty note. You’ll also encounter Mourvedre, Cinsault, Counoise, Carignan, Grenache Blanc, Marsanne, Roussanne, Clairette, Bourboulenc and a host of minor players. Keep an eye out for labels bearing one of the 21 villages that are allowed to declare their names. To this day, Tavel is synonymous with Rose-in fact they have dubbed themselves “Le Roi des Rosés” – “ The King of Roses”. Most of the production is Syrah and the wines really need some time to show their true character – round and full bodied with red fruits, wild flowers and leather. The (hand drawn!) Northern Rhône is therefore cooler than southern Rhône, which means that the mix of planted grape varieties and wine styles are slightly different. Southern Rhone Complete Guide to the best Wines Wineries Appellations. The white blends and rosés are equally delicious too, even if a little harder to find. Others that the grape came 50 years later when Greeks fled from the Persian king Cyrus I. Ardeche is an IGP title that covers red, white and rosé wines made in the southern French Ardèche department and in 11 communes in the very north of the Gard. Rhône does not have an official classification using "Grand cru", or similar terms, in contrast to Bordeaux or Burgundy. Great with everyday meals, they are eminently drinkable and can be enjoyed without years of aging. Condrieu (Con-dree-euh) and the tiny vineyards of Château Grillet are best known for the luscious wines of Viognier. Probably the most striking feature is the steepness of the hillsides. You may have heard of the Rhone Valley in France; however, if you’re thinking of this as one place serving similar wines you’d be very mistaken. Look for famous names like Chapoutier, Jaboulet and Cave de Tain. The reds from the left bank are full bodied, rich in tannins while young, and are characterized by their aromas of prune, undergrowth, chocolate and ripe black fruit. Several wineries produce wines from organically cultivated vines that, provided they comply with the rules for varieties, plant spacing, pruning and maximum yield, are admitted in the AOC. In most cases, Northern Rhône appellations allow many fewer varieties than those of Southern Rhône. Find ratings for recent vintages in France’s Southern Rhône, summing up the quality and character of the reds and whites, including Syrah, Grenache and Mourvèdre, from Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and more. These wines usually do not conform to the rules of a VDQS or AOC. These wines are easy drinking, food loving wines that are perfect for everyday. If you didn’t already know, these 19 crus represent Côtes du Rhône’s top wine-growing zones. Côtes du Rhône is south-east France's warmer, richer, spicier answer to the dry austerity of AC Bordeaux. Wine has been made here for over 2,600 years, making it the oldest destination on the French wine regions map – and it is the only region that dedicates almost all of its production to rose. There is plenty to love about Cairanne, not least its community spirit, nurtured by generations of winemakers, its hot, dry weather and its fruity, elegant wines. The Rhône is generally divided into two sub-regions with distinct vinicultural traditions, the Northern Rhône (referred to in French as Rhône septentrional) and the Southern Rhône (in French Rhône méridional). The same is true of the Northern Rhone. The sheer beauty of the hillsides of the Southern Rhone valley is breathtaking. White wines from the southern Rhône sub-region, such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape whites, are also typically blends of several wine grapes. Plus, when to drink the wines. The vineyards are planted on steep hillsides that are terraced with man-made walls of local river rocks called ‘restanque’. Just over 100 years later, wines from the 'left' bank were included in the C.D.R. In that year, INAO moved the responsibility for oversight of this appellation's wine to the regional committee of the Rhône valley. and do so about 150 days of the year, mostly from winter to early spring. Such changes of borders between wine regions are very rare. In 1650, to guard against forgeries a set of rules was passed in an attempt to guarantee the origin of the wine. From north to south the appellations in the northern Rhône are: Northern Rhône reds are often identified by their signature aromas of green olive and smoky bacon. In 1446 the city of Dijon forbade all wines from Lyon, Tournon and Vienne, arguing that they were "très petits et pauvres vins" – very small and miserable wines. Wines are produced from Syrah, with Marsanne and Roussanne, and range from easy drinking to cellar worthy. Most are red blends based on Grenache or Syrah and the vineyards are planted on a variety of different soils. Only reds are produced here, from Grenache and Syrah or Mourvedre. definition.[3]. With its hot climate, abundant sunshine and the Dentelle Mountains to protect vineyards from the Mistral, the predominately red wines from Gigondas are full, earthy and aromatic. Wine Folly does a nice job of breaking this down here and here is a lovely map illustrating the appellations of the Rhône Valley. Whites, reds and roses and home of Truffles! Robinson, Jancis (2006). The prestigious Northern Rhône appellations account for less than 5% of the total Rhône wine production.[5]. An overview of the country’s great red wine regions in South Australia, Victoria and New … 12” x 16” Epson Ultra Premium Luster Photo Paper is in between a gloss and matte finish, providing you with highly saturated, maximum ink coverage.Because of its saturation and resistance to fingerprints, luster paper is a popular choice for prints. Crossing the entire Rhone, the region draws its strength from its rich and powerful river that lends its character, as much as it sculpts its soil. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. The vineyards are terraced to keep the soil from eroding, retain the warmth of the sun and make life a little easier for the vineyard workers! If Syrah is the big boy of the North, Grenache is the King in the South and forms the foundation of the area’s popular blends. The origins of the two most important grape varieties in the northern Rhone (Syrah and Viognier) have in the past been subject to speculation. Australia. With a more Mediterranean influence, the sunny hot weather produces wines that are deep and bold, with lots of black fruit, leather and licorice. The southern Rhône produces over 95% of the region’s wine output, including almost all Côte du Rhône as well as more prestigious appellations such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and Vacqueyras. Named after famous Mount Ventoux, this region gives us bold wines that really show their terroir – reds with lots of pepper, spice and dark fruit, aromatic whites and full bodied rosé. That’s dedication. This was the very first AOC to be recognized when the system was instituted in 1936. The first cultivated vines in the region were probably planted around 600 BC. Inter Rhône: Committee for the promotion of the technology, economy, communication and marketing of Rhône Wine (2005). These were the wines from the area around Tavel, Roquemaure, Lirac and Chusclan on the western ('right') bank of the Rhône. Yet others suggested the grape came from the Sicilian city of Syracuse, whence circa 280 AD the Romans brought it and the Viognier grape. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Detailed map of the Rhône wine region, with separate maps of Southern Rhône ("Zoom A") and Northern Rhône ("Zoom B"). The fruits that are grown on the côtes, or hillsides, of the Rhone River Valley, are turned into the approachable and affordable Cotes du Rhone wines (and maybe a bit of Beaumes de Venise in the higher elevations). Typically it is only used if the wine does not qualify for an appellation that can command a higher price. Higher altitudes and variety of soil types result in red wines that are dark and inky with black cherry, jammy fruit and lots of tannin. The Rhône Valley has been a hub of wine culture since ancient times and is just as popular today. This is where the term “Cote du Rhone’ was first marked on barrels for export – a guarantee of authenticity still used today. [3] Syrah is the only red grape variety permitted in red AOC wines from this sub-region. Another unique characteristic of these wines are the nuances of Garrigue – the wild resinous herbs that cover the landscape. In 1737 the King decreed that all casks destined for resale should be branded C.D.R. Sharp, flat slabs of limestone called “Les Vestide”, pebbly soils “Vallongue:” and “Olivet”, a mixture of sand and stone. The summers are long and warm and the winters are mild; rainfall is less than in the north and the famous Mistral Wind is a major player. The vineyards are located on both sides of the river between Vienne and Avignon, just south of Lyon. Quick Links Southern Rhône 2016: Full report | White Southern Rhône – panel tasting results The biggest area in terms of production, Crozes-Hermitage often lies in the shadow of the famous ‘Hermitage’ AOC that it surrounds. A feature of the cultivation of the region is the use of large pebbles around the bases of the vines to absorb the heat of the sun during the day to keep the vines warm at night when, due to the cloudless skies, there is often a significant drop in temperature. The Southern Rhone Valley is a much larger area than the Northern Rhone.To illustrate that point, close to 95% of all wines in the Rhone come from the Southern Rhone. In many appellation regulations, a division is made into main grape varieties (indicated by "M"), supplementary varieties (indicated by "S"), and accessory varieties (indicated by "(A)"). Their rosé is a classic southern Rhône blend of 65% Grenache, 30% Syrah and 5% Cinsault and it spent a very short time in oak barrels to add complexity. Most of the production is in sparkling wine; Crement de Die, but is now sanctioned for still wines of red, white and rose. The steep slopes of the northern Rhône Valley account for just 5 percent of the region’s total wine production, while the southern Rhône Valley produces the vast majority. The Northern and Southern Rhône are unique, each with vastly different geography, climate, soils and grape varieties, but share one thing in common – the Rhône River. Production rules are not as strict as other levels but wines must have a minimum of 11% alc. The wines are Grenache dominant with aromas of small red fruits and violets that age into licorice, pepper and spice. Over 100 million gallons of wine are produced in the region annually, from easy-drinking value wines from Côtes-du-Rhône to the complex luxury wines of appellations like Châte… Wines from here can be pricey but worth it – raspberry, violet, truffles and chocolate are just some of the delicious descriptors! Only white and sparkling wines from Marsanne and Roussanne in this AOC! Another region famous for its sweet ‘Vin Doux’ Rasteau has been producing its famous Grenache-based fortified wine for hundreds of years. This map was created by a user. As the Rhône River progresses southward, the valley widens and the climate changes. map below shows the Crozes-Hermitage vineyards in yellow, Hermitage in green and the southern part of St. Joseph, on the opposite bank of the Rhône, in orange. The Rhône Valley was created during the last ice age as the Rhône Glacier carved its way south through what is now France. Domaine des Carabiniers Lirac rouge (Biodynamic Wine) Grenache noir : 60%, Syrah : 25%, Cinsault : 15%. But it was the Romans who really established the vineyards and reputation of the area using the Rhône as their highway through France (and planting a few vineyards along the way). Terroirs, soils, climate, grape varieties and aromas ... discover, if you were, the appellations of the Rhône Valley! This AOC is also used by the commercial blenders (négociants) who buy grapes in bulk from various parts of the region to bottle, distribute, and export on an industrial scale. Wine Map of France France, a map of its wine regions: France, from the prestigious wines of Bordeaux to the sparkling wines of Champagne through the oceans of vines found in Aquitaine and Languedoc to the string of appellations of the Rhônes Valley rolling down to … (You might need your magnifying specs for this one). The bad part is that they can be very destructive, damaging or uprooting vines, but they have a good influence too. The entire Rhône region produces around 4 million hl of wine each year, of which over half is classified under the Côte du Rhône and Côte du Rhône-Villages appellations. These are more similar to the wines of Provence. Rhône is ready to welcome you to the wines of France. I love talking, writing, reading, learning, and teaching, about wine. They speak of the warm southern climate – honeysuckle, stone fruits and melon, backed with refreshing minerality. As in the Northern Rhône, the Southern Rhône escaped major frost damage in late April, though some small parcels with poor air drainage were hit. The Rhone Valley is a huge, diverse, viticultural area. Your wine smarts deserve to be on the next level. Diois AOP (bonus! The vineyards are planted with 14 varietals (18 if you count the variations!) Produce from vineyards surrounding certain villages including Cairanne and others may be labeled Côtes-du-Rhône Villages AOC. Lirac produces wines that are aromatic, structured and elegant with black fruit, truffle and cocoa notes in the reds, deep berry red fruits in the Roses and fresh, aromatic whites. [4] Those vineyard owners which do not vinify their wines themselves deliver their grapes in bulk either to a winemaking cooperative, of which there are 103 in the region, or sell them to one of the 51 négociants (wine producers and merchants) who blend, distribute, and export on an industrial scale. The region's major appellation in production volume is Côtes du Rhône AOC. [9] Local producers of Côtes du Rhône-styled wines made from Syrah and Grenache lobbied for this change since the local winemaking traditions did not coincide with administrative borders, and presumably due to the greater prestige of Rhône wines in the marketplace. at four levels of altitude as the land rises up from the Rhone River. The vineyards that produce the appellation's wines are located around the town of Tavel, just southwest of Orange and northwest of Avignon. The name Côtes du Rhône comes from public administration in the Middle Ages and was the name (Côte without 's') of a district in the Gard département. The climate is ‘Continental’–hot summers, cold winters and precipitation throughout the year. This nevertheless makes it the most commonly known, produced, and distributed appellation of the region. The wines of the Rhône Valley are divided into four levels: Discover the wines and regions of France's Rhône Valley wine region. The vineyards are planted with nine varieties in three distinct soil types: Includes: Map Print, care notes, and satisfaction guarantee. These may include Ugni blanc, Roussanne, Bourboulenc, Picpoul, and Clairette. Gigondas. However, while this is allowed by the AOC rules, blending with white grapes is widely practiced only for Côte-Rôtie. During the middle ages, the south of France was a popular holiday retreat for the Popes and they loved the refreshing rose wines that came from this region – so much so that they decreed that nothing else should be produced. Well made. In 2004, Costières de Nîmes AOC, which previously had been counted as part of eastern Languedoc, was also attached to the Rhône wine region. In 2004 ten new appellations were officially added to the Rhône region, 9 in the Gard and one in the Vaucluse, which largely parallel the wines of Southern Rhône proper, while two appellations were discontinued for reasons of reforesting and urban encroachment.[8]. The largest of the Northern AOC’s, St. Joseph is home to Syrah and the white varietals Roussanne and Marsanne. Learn how to create your own. When the Romans left the areadisappeared so too did interest in the wine of the region. https://winefolly.com/deep-dive/cotes-du-rhone-wine-with-maps Considered a little brother to Châteauneuf-du-Pape, the wine is moderately prestigious and can age well when treated with care. Côtes du Rhône are the basic AOC wines of the Rhône region, and exist as red , white and rosé wines, generally dominated by Grenache for reds and rosés, or Grenache blanc for whites. The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. The region's major appellation in production volume is Côtes du Rhône AOC. The region is distinctly more ‘Provençal’ with a Mediterranean influence in culture and climate. Marsanne and Roussanne are in turn used for the whites from Crozes-Hermitage, Hermitage, Saint Joseph, and Saint Péray. This is another ancient region, settled by the Greeks and home to the famous sweet wine “Muscat de Beaumes de Venise”. Each contributes its own influence to the wines, creating Rose with a deep pink hue, lots of red fruits, berry and stone fruit flavors. All great wine is made in the vineyard and that starts with the grapes. The next step up the wine ‘pyramid’, the village wines are a bit more complex with lower yields and slightly higher alcohol. Classic Southern Rhône style with mulberries, garrigue, ripe and meaty, crisp mid palate with good length. These wines are great for aging. Viticultural Areas Northern Rhône Southern Rhône Die Print Edition Durable, water and tear resistant polyart high density paper. Côtes du Rhône AOC is an AOC that covers both the northern and southern sub-regions of Rhône. Tavel AOC, produced in the special microclimate of the sillon rhodanien (the furrow of the Rhône) by some thirty producers including Château d'Aqueria, Domaine Maby, Domaine de la Mordorée, Domaine Pelaquier, is an elite rosé only, which has been referred to as 'the wine of kings". This is the birthplace of Syrah and where many wine lovers find it reaches its height of expression – full bodied, savory, and elegant. Check out wines from these ‘satellites’ too: Slightly cooler thanks to sea breezes from the Mediterranean, this area produces whites, reds and roses that are big on fragrance, lower in tannin and very quaffable. Named after the Latin for “Valley of the Rocks”, the Vacqueryras lie next to Gigondas. The soils are varied with the most famous being the large, rolled river stone or “Galets’ left behind millennium ago by the ancient glaciers. The Cotes du Rhone wine road winds through the South of France from Avignon through valleys and along hills covered by terraced vineyards and punctuated by old stone villages. Provence is located on the Mediterranean coast at the southern end of the Rhone Valley. The Oxford Companion to Wine (3rd Ed. Excess wines of the lowest quality, Vin de Table, occasionally become part of the wine lake and are reprocessed into industrial alcohol. Depending on the specific AOC rules, grapes blended into southern Rhône reds may include Grenache, Syrah, Mourvèdre, Carignan and Cinsault. In France‘s Rhone Valley you’ll find 98% of the wines are either red or rose, although there are a few whites here and there. Very concentrated but nicely balanced wine. Whites make up a small 6% of production but are worth trying. This page is a complete guide to all the top wines, wineries, wine makers and appellations in the Southern Rhone Valley.. They are usually only sold on the premises. The northern sub-region produces red wines from the Syrah grape, sometimes blended with up to 20% of white wine grapes, and white wines from Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier grapes. Gigondas is a French wine Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC) in the southern Rhône wine region of France.It is primarily a red wine region, with a very small amount of rosé wine produced. Find out more about me. Spicy, earthy, chocolatey and deep, these are wines made for aging, if you can resist! If you would like to read more about label buying, click here. A beautiful map to guide you to your next bottle of French wine. The southern Rhône's most famous red wine is Châteauneuf-du-Pape, a blend containing up to 19 varieties of wine grapes (ten red and nine white) as permitted by the Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC rules. Châteauneuf-du-Pape Wine Facts. Since about 1998 Viognier is increasingly being used and is also appearing as a single varietal. Although the Rhône is considered one wine region, it can effectively be split into two distinct parts based on climate and grape varieties used. [6] Other nearby AOC regions including Côtes du Vivarais AOC, Grignan-Les Adhemar AOC, Lirac AOC, Tavel AOC, Vacqueyras AOC, and Ventoux AOC may contain even more varieties in the blend. local, but not on the Rhône river). [2] Rhône reappeared in the 13th century when the Popes and their considerable purchasing power moved to Avignon, at which time the production of wine expanded greatly. Full bodied reds dominate, but the luscious whites and thirst quenching roses are well worth seeking out. The right bank reds are slightly lighter and fruitier. I adore vino so much I even married a winemaker. Low rainfall and plentiful sun have made the region of Lirac a prime vineyard area for two thousand years. Red wines are the most plentiful; Grenache and Cinsault with Mourvedre, Syrah and other sanctioned reds, producing wines that are full and aromatic with spicy dark fruits balanced with acidity and minerality. The Diois (Dee-wah) is an isolated region about 30 miles east of the Rhone River. The most famous of the AOC’s of the Rhône Valley is Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Nicole Rolet. Mistral winds blow at an average speed of 60 mph (hurricanes start at 70!) Map of the Rhône Valley wine region in France. 572-4. Map of Cornas with detail of lieux dits (vineyard names). This is the home of Viognier and at one time was the only place to find it. Its climate is influenced by the mistral wind, which brings colder air from the Massif Central. The southern sub-region produces an array of red, white and rosé wines, often blends of several grapes such as in Châteauneuf-du-Pape. Viognier by itself is used for white wines from Condrieu and Château-Grillet. [1] However, extensive DNA typing and viticultural research has established beyond doubt that Syrah originated in the Rhône region itself. Syrah loves the well draining granite soils and soaks up the sun on the south facing slopes. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. Therefore, almost all Côtes du Rhône AOC is produced in southern Rhône, since the northern sub-region is covered by well-known appellations and also is much smaller in terms of total vineyard surface. Fortified wines (vin doux naturel) are made in the Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOC and Rasteau AOCs. Includes: map Print, care notes, and teaching, about wine the nuances of Garrigue the. Including 1,837 private wineries and 103 cooperatives similar to the rules of a or! 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