Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. He who dares to face his Maker will not tremble before the sons of men. But while I do not presume to say otherwise, I venture to throw out a conjecture, that this Psalm was addressed to an infinitely greater person, than any among the sons of men. The name by which the Lord is here addressed, "God of my righteousness," deserves notice, since it is not used in any other part of Scripture. A Psalm of David. Psalm 30 Commentary. And certainly, as often as we ask anything from God, it becomes us to begin with this, and to beseech him, according to his free goodness, to relieve our miseries. de Orat.). The mode of expression which he here employs is metaphorical, and by it he intimates that a way of escape was opened up to him even when he was besieged and enclosed on every side. It is the righteous God Who has accepted him as righteous through forgiveness, and enables him to walk in righteousness. » Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me [when I was] in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. May we not without violence consider the prayer as the supplication of the God-man Christ Jesus? The psalmist warns against sin. Ver. The ungodly satisfied with earthly blessings, but the godly cannot be at rest without the favour of God, Psalms 4:6-8. 27:7. (1) Hear me.âBetter, In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. Paul, we know, was endued with courage arising from this source, (1 Corinthians 4:5) for when many evil reports were spread abroad concerning him among the Corinthians, he appeals to the judgment-seat of God. View Bible Text. First of all, I want to give honor to God in whose ways I am imperfectly trying to walk. See more on Psalms 22, 60. This Psalms opens with prayer, then an address showing the folly, as well as danger, of pursuing vanity; the close of the Psalm determines that the happiness of man must be alone found in the favor of God. In these words there is shown the faith of David, who, although brought to the uttermost distress, and indeed almost consumed by a long series of calamities, did not sink under his sorrow; nor was he so broken in heart as to be prevented from betaking himself to God his deliverer. The prayer indicates confidence in the power and the unchangeableness of God, and proves that it is right in our prayers to recall the former instances of the divine interposition, as an argument, or as a ground of hope that God would again interpose. Isaiah also, fortified by the same confidence, (Isaiah 50:6 and following verse) despises all the slanders by which his enemies calumniated him. Title.— בנגינות למנצח lamnatseach bineginoth. Psalm 4 – Talking to God and Men. Who will God honor to live in his presence? In my crying hear me, God of my righteousness. What indeed can be more grateful to the Lord, than, by thus acting faith upon what the Lord will give, to tell him what he hath before bestowed upon us? Thus his conscience can be clear because of God’s graciousness. Or, we may understand it thus: - "God hath enlarged my heart with joy and comfort when I was like a man imprisoned by grief and sorrow." Choice and Practical Expositions on four select Psalms: namely the Fourth Psalm in eight Sermons, etc. Psalm 4: An Evening Song [or download in R TF format] Psalm 5: Pray about your Enemies [or download in R TF format] Psalm 6: David is very ill [or download in R TF format] Psalm 7: David and Cush [or download in R TF format] Psalm 8: The Sky at Night [or download in R TF format] Aιεν αριστευειν was Cicero’s motto, that is, strive to excel others, to crop off the very top of all virtues, δρεπειν υρετων κορυφας απα πασων, as Scipio is said to have done; to be best at anything, to be careful to excel in good works, Titus 3:8, and to bear away the bell, as we say, in whatsoever a man undertaketh, Hoc iamdiu consecutus est Roscius, ut in quo quisque artificio excelleret in suo genere Roscius diceretur (Cic. To him that overcometh, or excelleth, or triumpheth, to wit, in his profession of music. God hath dashed down the rocks and given me room; he hath broken the barriers and set me in a large place. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Absalom was one of King David's sons. (Challoner) --- Lamnetseach, from nitseach, "to push to an end," may signify (Haydock) to the end; and this sense is more noble than (Berthier) "To the precentor, or president." Psalm 4 1 Psalm 4 For the director of music. Book One The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked - Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in the way of sinners, nor sits in the seat of scoffers; but his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night. that so many should make so fearful a choice. Hebrews 1:7-8. So Alexander, on his death bed, left his kingdom τω Kρατιστω, Optimatum optimo, to him that should be the best of the best. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. Have mercy upon me; thou mayst justly destroy me for my many and great sins, and therefore I flee from thy justice to thy mercy, on which all my hopes are grounded. We shall, hereafter meet with many passages similar to this, where David, in order to give energy to his faith against terrors and dangers, (51) brings together the many experiences from which he had learned that God is always present with his own people and will never disappoint their desires. (Spurgeon, C. H. Lectures to my Students: Commenting and Commentaries)Rosscup adds: This is one of the more thorough older exegetical … 1675. Though thou mayest justly permit my enemies to destroy me, on account of my many and great sins, yet I flee to thy mercy, and I beseech thee hear my prayer, and bring thy servant out of his troubles. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress - That is, on some former occasion. It is a clear and judicious explanation of the text, and cannot be dispensed with. Righteousness, therefore, is here to be understood of a good cause, of which David makes God the witness, while he complains of the malicious and wrongful conduct of men towards him; and, by his example, he teaches us, that if at any time our uprightness is not seen and acknowledged by the world, we ought not on that account to despond, inasmuch as we have one in heaven to vindicate our cause. “Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer.” Now, you might wonder if this verse also serves as the petition. It may, however, be asked by way of objection, Since all the purity of men is mere pollution in the sight of God, how can the godly dare to bring forward their own righteousness before him? Psalms 4:1 Context. Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! (a) Among those who were appointed to sing the psalms and to play on instruments, one was appointed chief to set the tune, and to begin: who had the charge because he was most excellent and he began this psalm on the instrument called Neginoth or in a tune so called. Then from Psalms 4:6 to the close he delightfully contrasts his own satisfaction and safety with the disquietude of the ungodly in their best estate. With stringed instruments. "I humbly beseech thee, that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king," said that false Ziba to David, 2 Samuel 16:4; q.d. “The church, like David,” says Dr. Horne, and, we may add, every true member thereof, “calls aloud for God’s assistance; addresses him as the God of her righteousness, as the fountain of pardon and grace; reminds him of that spiritual liberty, and enlargement from bondage, which he hath purchased for her, and oftentimes wrought in her; and conscious of her demerit, makes her prayer for mercy.”, Unto the end. Psalm 30 7 Meaning; Psalm 31 Meaning; Psalm 32 Commentary; Psalm 33 Commentary. On Neginoth; or, on stringed instruments, as this word is translated, Habakkuk 3:19; for the Hebrew verb nichen, whence this is derived, signifies to play with the hand upon an instrument, 1 Samuel 16:23 18:10. On Neginoth] i.e. Ps. O God of my righteousness — Or, my righteous God, the witness and defender of my righteous cause, and the person from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of it which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me with manifold injuries and calumnies. O God of my righteousness — Or, my righteous God, the witness and defender of my righteous cause, and the person from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of it which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me with manifold injuries and calumnies. I ask the question, let the Reader remember; I do not determine it. It is not to be imagined that he who has helped us in six troubles will leave us in the seventh. ", Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness, Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness, Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress. The versions vary extremely with respect to it. (b) You who are the defender of my just cause. The author and judge of my righteousness. ]. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress. MEN, who judge only by the outward appearance, are apt to entertain a good opinion of themselves: but God, who looketh at the heart, describes the whole race of mankind as immersed in an unfathomable abyss of wickedness [Note: Jeremiah 17:9 . Psalm 4:1-8. This psalm is titled A Song of Ascents. David prayeth for audience, Psalms 4:1. Ungodliness saith to the wicked in the midst of … He tried to kill David because he wanted to become king. O God, to whose mercy I owe all that I have or hope for: which was a very fit and powerful argument in prayer, and very agreeable to the following words, in which there is an acknowledgment of God’s former mercies, and a petition for mercy. O God of my righteousness; either the witness and defender of my righteous cause; or from whom I expect that righteous judgment and decision of my cause which I cannot obtain from mine enemies, who load me and my cause with manifold injuries and calumnies. Thou hast, that is, thou wilt enlarge me who am now in distress. If, therefore, we cannot find justice anywhere in the world the only support of our patience is to look to God, and to rest contented with the equity of his judgment. He reproves the wicked, Psalms 4:2. Or as St. Jerome renders it, victory to him that overcometh; which some understand of the chief musician; to whom they suppose the psalms, which bear that title, were given to be sung. The starry heavens stretched before David showcase … The Septuagint read the word which we have rendered in our translation 'chief Musician Lamenetz, instead of Lamenetzoth; the meaning of which is unto the end. Psalm 124 – Thanking God for the Help Only He Can Bring. But if there be any foundation for the idea, surely it is an interesting one, to take with us in our searching for him through the whole book of Psalms, from whence we know, as well as other parts of scripture, the Lord Jesus spake to his disciples concerning himself. 25:16; 69:16 This is a common mode of expression in Hebrew. He had the testimony of a good conscience that he had attempted nothing without the call and commandment of God, and therefore he does not speak rashly when he calls God the protector and defender of his right. God of my righteousness = My righteous God. 1. Answer Me When I Call - To the choirmaster: with stringed instruments. All the deliverances of saints, as well as the pardons of sinners, are the free gifts of heavenly grace. ", "That love vanity and seek after falsehood. Some have thought that this Psalm was used in the temple service, and sung there. We observe, III. With respect to David, it is easy to answer this question. The chief musician; the master or director of the sacred musicians and music of the temple; of whom see 1 Chronicles 6:31 15:16,17 25:1,2 2 Chronicles 20:21 34:12,13. Some think that David here promises himself what he had not yet experienced; and in the exercise of hope anticipates the manifestations of Godâs grace with which he should afterwards be favored. Meditations, Critical and Practical, on Psalm IV., in Archbishop Leighton's Works. If so, is not this Psalm, and indeed all the Psalms that are so addressed to the chief Musician, directed to Jesus? (i) "gratiosus esto mihi", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Cocceius. Thou hast enlarged.âBetter, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. 'Tis true there are many who take these titles in different senses; but I cannot find one ancient interpreter who doubts of their authority; whence we conclude," says he, "that though the titles as well as the other texts may have different interpretations as well as various readings, yet those which are agreed to have been in the original books, were never called in question by any divine of antiquity." Thou hast enlarged.âBetter, in my straitness Thou (or, Thou who) hast made room for me. Be gracious to me and hear my prayer! But it is a consolation far surpassing this, to know when men vaunt themselves over us wrongfully, that we are standing in the view of God and of the angels. And so this and other words in Hebrew and Greek, which properly signify righteousness, are oft used for mercy or kindness, as Isaiah 58:8 Psalm 31:1 36:10 2 Corinthians 9:9, and in many other places. God will honor those who live rightly. --- In verses, in carminibus. 3 O L ord, o how many are my foes! On other parts of title, see-on Introduction., The historical occasion was probably the same as that of the foregoing [see on Psalm 3:1, Title]. The most satisfactory account of them extant, that we know of, is Calmet's Dissertation upon the Hebrew Instruments, and the Univ. In Psalms 4:1 David pleads with God for help. Or the expression may mean, The foundation, source, and author of my righteousness. Psalm 102 Commentary by Brad Boyles “The Psalm has been attributed to Daniel, to Jeremiah, to Nehemiah, or to some of the other prophets who flourished during the time of the captivity. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Psalms 4:1. Psalm 1 is an introductory Psalm, a kind of gateway to the rest, where all kinds of qualities are mentioned. ‘Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness. Psalm 104 goes so far as to name some of the tools used for the work of God’s world—tents, garments, beams, fire, ships (Ps. 104:1, 2, 3, 4, 26, respectively). From the 2nd to the 6th verse he expostulates with his rebellious subjects, and admonishes them for their good: in the remainder of it he prays for God's assistance, and pathetically expresses his sure dependance upon him. Alas! 1.O God of my righteousness—The author and judge of my righteousness. One evening, David prayed to God, "Show my enemies that you are fighting for me". That is, Pity me, and have compassion on me, as thou hast done in former times. Commentary on Psalms - Volume 1 by John Calvin. A Psalm of David.The title of the psalm indicates that it was directed toward the Chief Musician, whom some suppose to be the Lord GOD Himself, and others suppose to be a leader of choirs or musicians in David’s time, such as Heman the singer or Asaph (1 Chronicles 6:33, 16:5-7, and 25:6). O God, to whose mercy I owe all that I have or hope for: which was a very fit and powerful argument in prayer, and very agreeable to the following words, in which there is an acknowledgment of Godâs former mercies, and a petition for mercy. God will surely be nearest unto his in their greatest straits; and because they have made him the God of their mountains, he will be the God of their valleys also. It is summed up in the question, âShall not the judge of all the earth do right?â The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. He who will not ask such blessings as pardon, and justifying righteousness, and eternal life, must perish for the want of them. People are troubled about many things, but God ‘puts gladness in our hearts.’. Is not this holy cry to God founded on the plea of him and his merit, who is truly called the Lord our righteousness; and who is made of God to his people, both wisdom and righteousness, sanctification and redemption? 1. Thou hast brought me into a roomy place when straitened. This is another instance of David's common habit of pleading past mercies as a ground for present favour. ... Psalm 36:1-4. God is righteous in Himself, but He also does what is right for His children, namely, come to their rescue when they are in need (cf. The earth was cursed, man died spiritually and for a brief season Satan has taken the reins of power and become the prince of the power of the air.. and the god of this age. Surely because he looked upon the favour of God as a complexive blessing, that perfectly comprehendeth all the rest; as manna is said to have had all good tastes in it. This is a thought very common in the Psalter, and apparently was a favourite phrase of Davidâs, occurring in Psalm 18:19 (comp. Psalm 4 is good for what ails you. Moreover, he calls him the God of his righteousness, which is the same thing as if he had called him the vindicator of his right; (50) and he appeals to God, because all men everywhere condemned him, and his innocence was borne down by the slanderous reports of his enemies and the perverse judgments of the common people. Genitive of relation or object. Herein is wisdom, let us imitate it and always take our suit, not to the petty courts of human opinion, but into the superior court, the King's Bench of heaven. David speaketh first to God, and then to men. He is seeking that God will continue to act on his behalf in response to his prayer. Here he reviews his Ebenezers and takes comfort from them. An experienced warrior and conqueror, David had been familiar with dangers and deliverances, and his faith is now encouraged from the past. 4:1 Notice the imperatives used to implore God. that so many should make so fearful a choice. See on Psalms 3, "Thou hast relieved me," is a better translation of the Hebrew perfect tense than the NIV, "Give me relief. Past favor is a ground of hope for the future. Hear me when I call, O God of my riqhteousness] That is, O thou righteous Judge of my righteous cause, and of my good conscience. It’s true that the Psalmist is asking for something. And they that have drawn this conclusion suppose also, that Neginoth meant stringed instruments, similar to what is said Habakkuk 3:19. In Psalms 4:2 he expostulates with his enemies, and continues to address them to the end of Psalms 4:5 . We live in a fallen world that was a result of man's sin. The conception of God as supremely just, and the assertor of justice, is one of the noblest legacies from the Hebrew faith to the world. Man's happiness is in God's favour. i.e. Why? The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God. The appeal to God as a righteous God implies a conviction in the mind of the psalmist of the justice of his cause; and he asks God merely to do "right" in the case. freed me from my former straits and troubles. Luke 24:44. The privilege of the godly, and his faith in God, Psalms 4:3. Psa. The writer, praying for further relief, admonishes his enemies of the vanity of attacking God‘s servant, exhorts them to repentance, and avows his confidence and peace in God‘s favor. 8:4, 5), to receive instruction. WORKS WRITTEN ABOUT THE FOURTH PSALM IN SPURGEON'S DAY. Complete Concise David was a preacher, a royal preacher, as well as Solomon; many of his psalms are doctrinal and practical as well as devotional; the greatest part of this psalm is so, in which Wisdom cries to men, to the sons of men (as Prov. How long will you love vain words and seek after lies? Thus, in Psalm 2:6, "hill of my holiness," meaning "my holy hill;" Psalm 3:4, "his hill of holiness," meaning "his holy hill." (Duguet.) And this cruel and unjust treatment which David met with, ought to be carefully marked. You have relieved me in my distress; Be gracious to me and hear my prayer. David prayeth for audience. Audio Commentary: Psalm 4 Psalm 4 1 Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. He reproves the wicked, Psalm 4:2. We therefore speak no better to men, because no more to God. It is summed up in the question, âShall not the judge of all the earth do right?â The strength of the innocent in the face of calumny or oppression lies in the appeal to the eternal source of righteousness. thou hast enlarged—expresses relief afforded in opposition to "distress," which is expressed by a word denoting straits or pressure. And as he asks twice to be heard, in this there is expressed to us both the vehemence of his grief and the earnestness of his prayers. thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress; when he had like to have been killed by Saul casting a javelin at him; and when his house was watched by men that Saul set there, and he was let down through a window and escaped; and when he was shut in at Keilah, where Saul thought he had him safe; and at other times, to which he may here refer, as in Psalm 18:19; and this may be applied to the Messiah, when in the garden, beset with sorrows, and an angel strengthened him; and when on the cross, surrounded by various enemies, whom he conquered; and when in death and the grave, from the pains and cords of which he was loosed, and set in a large place. 1 (To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm of David.) It means, Thou art the author, the witness, the maintainer, the judge, and the rewarder of my righteousness; to thee I appeal from the calumnies and harsh judgments of men. Fenwick, however, who conceives that all the psalms immediately refer to Christ, has endeavoured to prove at large, that the words would be more properly rendered, To him who giveth the victory, or causeth us to triumph in tribulations. (Calmet) --- "To the chief of the singers on stringed instruments." He feels that the God who had done it in former troubles could do it again; and he asks him to repeat his mercy. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 15 INTRODUCTION: This psalm addresses a question that concerns all religious people. Psalm 4. He had brought him out of his distress both physically and spiritually and given him freedom, both outwardly and within himself. David prayeth for audience, Psalm 4:1. Hoc autem in prophetia dictum est, saith R. David. Ð°ÐºÐ¾Ð½Ð½Ð¸ÐºÐ¾Ð² — Ð´Ð°Ñ Ð±Ð¾Ð¶ÐµÑÑÐ²ÐµÐ½Ð½Ð¾Ð¹ Ð±Ð»Ð°Ð³Ð¾Ð´Ð°ÑÐ¸. An exhortation to duty, Psalm 4:4,5. Alas! But is there not even a higher sense to be put upon this verse? The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews has applied Psa 102:25-27 to our Lord, and the perpetuity of … You have given me relief when I was in distress. Before I enter upon the Psalm itself I would beg the Reader's attention to the title of it. The psalm for today ends with the word shalom in Hebrew, again translated “peace” (v. 8). Surely we should all speak the more boldly to men if we had more constant converse with God. Hear me when I call, O God of my righteousness: thou hast enlarged me. This would well fit the fact that David was now delivered from the initial source of impending danger. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress -, "Have mercy upon me, and hear my prayer. Apparently some in the community were spreading lies about him, ruining his reputation. Thou hast enlarged me when I was in distress — Delivered me from my former straits and troubles, temporal and spiritual, which makes me hope thou wilt still take pity upon me, and grant the humble petition which I present unto thee. 3 But you, O L ord, are r a shield s about me, my glory, and t the lifter of my head. For while nothing is more painful to us than to be falsely condemned, and to endure, at one and the same time, wrongful violence and slander; yet to be ill spoken of for doing well, is an affliction which daily befalls the saints. 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