the cecum, which is the first part of the large intestine, what only allows chyme to travel one way only, the ileocecal valve between the ileum and the cecum, what are peyr's patvhes (lymphoid follicles), are small and are located under the mucosa of the entire small intestines, in the large intestine, material passes through. where do the contents of the ileum empty? It is both an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin, as well as a digestive organ, secreting pancreatic juice containing digestive … B. Specifically, the digestive system takes in food (ingests it), breaks it down physically and chemically into nutrient molecules (digests it), and absorbs the nutrients into the bloodstream, then, it rids the body of indigestible remains (defecates). it leaves the liver through the COMMON HEPATIC DUCT, the the bile enters the duodenum through the BILE DUCT, structural and functional unit of the liver, these are small blood vessels found between the hepatocytes that empty into the central vein, the sinusoids receive O2-rich blood from the ___ artery and nutrients from the intestines via the ____ vein, phagocytic cells which remove debris form the bloos, at the corner of each lobule are the 3 vessels that make up the _____, store bile until the body needs it, it enters the body through the cystic duct, the exocrine organ of the pancreas secretes, the endocrine organ of the pancreas secretes, the hormones insulin and glucagon into the blood, secrete digestive enzymes to help break up food in small intestine. Start studying Anatomy & Physiology- Digestive System Vocabulary. what are the different set of teeth developed in the mouth? what is the small intestine covered with? Used in protein digestion. Although the small intestine is the workhorse of the system, where the majority of digestion occurs, and where most of the released nutrients are absorbed into the blood or lymph, each of the digestive system … semi-solid acidic food mass that enters the duodenum from the stomach. what are the four lobes of the liver divided by? The processes of digestion include six activities: ingestion, propulsion, mechanical or physical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, and defecation. Choose your answers to the questions and click 'Next' to see the next set of questions. AKA visceral peritoneum. the sum of all the chemical reactions that take place in the body, including utilization of nutrients. Popular physiology quizzes : 1 - the nervous system: test your knowledge of nervous system physiology. 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. E-mail Dr. Grass. The salivary glands, liver and gallbladder secrete fluids into the GI tract. dense connective tissue. While the tongue and teeth physically break down food. APPENDIX A: Diseases, Injuries, and Disorders of the Organ Systems. digestive tract and accessory digestive organs. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. The digestive system prepares nutrients for utilization by body cells through what six activities? Physiology of the digestive system 1. 4 - the integumentary system: Do you know the functions of the skin?. what do the villi, microvilla and plicae do? what is the major function of the large intestine? enzyme produced by salivary glands and secreted into the mouth. rhythmic waves/movements that propel the food particles through the digestive tract, what are the four basic tunics of the alimentary canal walls? lactase, maltase. rugae, these allow for expansion and elasticity of the muscle folds for food intake. what is the digestive function of the liver?