In the third, or late, period, Socrates is relegated to a minor role and Plato takes a closer look at his own early metaphysical ideas. He met Socratesaround 407 BC and became his disciple in philosophy. Plato was born sometime between 428 and 427 B.C. Plato grew up in the Greek city-state of Athens during the Classical Period of Ancient Greece. Plato was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. One of his more promising students there was Aristotle, who would take his mentor's teachings in new directions. Plato studied with, and represented in writing, Socrates, “the wisest man in the world.” He founded what some consider the first institution for higher learning, the Academy, where he taught Aristotle, whose ideas and influence were probably greater even than his teac… The Academy was open until its destruction by Sulla in 84 BCE. He influenced many of the writers or researchers such as Heraclitus, Parmenides, and Pythagoreans. Two of Plato's relatives, Charmides and Critias, were prominent figures in the new government, part of the notorious Thirty Tyrants whose brief rule severely reduced the rights of Athenian citizens. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Plato's father, Ariston, descended from the kings of Athens and Messenia. In another reversal of fortune, Dionysius II expelled his uncle Dion, and compelled Plato to remain. Plato Biography - Plato (Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn) (c.427 to c.347 BC) was an immensely influential ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens where Aristotle studied. Socrates was executed in 399 BC. The other significant event was the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta, in which Plato served for a brief time between 409 and 404 B.C.E. During this time, or soon after, he began his extensive writing. His mother Perictione remarried the politician Pyrilampes. He was condemned to death for his Socratic method of questioning. In the year 407, at the age of twenty, he met Socrates, being admired by the personality and the speech of Socrates. View seven larger pictures When he was in his late teens or early twenties, Plato heard Socrates teaching in the market and abandoned his plans to pursue a literary career as a playwright; he burned his early work and devoted himself to philosophy.It is likely that Plato had known Socrates, at least by reputation, since youth. Plato, (born 428/427 bce, Athens, Greece—died 348/347, Athens), ancient Greek philosopher, student of Socrates (c. 470–399 bce), teacher of Aristotle (384–322 bce), and founder of the Academy, best known as the author of philosophical works of unparalleled influence. While there, Dionysius’ brother-in-law, Dion, became Plato’s disciple. Often, members of Plato's family appeared in his dialogues. The Republic was written during this time with its exploration of just government ruled by philosopher kings. Plato was a student of Socrates(who did not write) and the teacher of Aristotle, who founded another university, known as the Lyceum. During this time, Plato nearly faced death in Cyrene. PLATO (427- 347 B.C.) Sometime around 385 B.C.E., Plato founded a school of learning, known as the Academy, which he presided over until his death. His work on the use of reason to develop a more fair and just society that is focused on the equality of individuals established the foundation for modern democracy. Biography of Plato. Plato hoped the Academy would provide a place for future leaders to discover how to build a better government in the Greek city-states. In these dialogues, Plato attempts to convey Socrates's philosophy and teachings. Dion believed that Dionysius showed promise as an ideal leader. Plato was born around 428 B.C., during the final years of the Golden Age of Pericles’ Athens. © 2021 The Foundation for Constitutional Government Inc. All rights reserved. Our very conception of philosophy—of rigorous thinking concerning the true situation of man, the nature of the whole, and the perplexity of being—owes a great debt to his work. Plato's impact on philosophy and the nature of humans has had a lasting impact far beyond his homeland of Greece. Plato was born in Athens, Greece, the son of Ariston and Perictione, both of Athenian noble backgrounds. Due to a lack of primary sources from the time period, much of Plato's life has been constructed by scholars through his writings and the writings of contemporaries and classical historians. But Dionysius fell far short of expectations and suspected Dion, and later Plato, of conspiring against him. After the oligarchy was overthrown and democracy was restored, Plato briefly considered a career in politics, but the execution of Socrates in 399 B.C.E. Richard Kraut, Cambridge: 1992. His works on philosophy, politics and mathematics were very influential and laid the foundations for Euclid's systematic approach to mathematics. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! His beliefs on the importance of mathematics in education have proven to be essential for understanding the entire universe. It seems unlikely that Plato had a very intense relationship with the one he considered his master. He was the student of Socrates and teacher of Aristotle and was immensely … According to one source, Plato died peacefully in his bed listening to the sweet sounds of a Thracian flute girl. Plato founded the Academy in Athens, one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world. Euripides was one of the great Athenian playwrights and poets of ancient Greece, known for the many tragedies he wrote, including 'Medea' and 'The Bacchae.'. Other texts in this time period include Protagoras, Euthyphro, Hippias Major and Minor and Ion. The Academy operated until 529 C.E.., when it was closed by Roman Emperor Justinian I, who feared it was a source of paganism and a threat to Christianity. one of the most brilliant and far-reaching writers to have ever lived. - Plato Biography and List of Works - Plato Books Inspired by Pythagoras, he founded his Academy in Athens in 387 BCE, where he stressed mathematics as a way of understanding more […] Plato represents the starting point of Western philosophy. Athens, Greece. Plato died in 347 B.C. Upon the death of Dionysius, according to Plato’s account in his Seventh Letter, Dion requested that Plato return to Syracuse to tutor young Dionysius II. GREAT he studied Socrates also he was a teacher of Aristotle and he found the academy. Plato is believed to have had two full brothers, one sister and a half brother, though it is not certain where he falls in the birth order. Another source reports that he died while attending a friend’s wedding feast. He wrote about ideas of deductive reasoning. he became a pupil and friend of Socrates. THINKERS. His most famous pupil there was Aristotle. Biography of Plato. According to Diogenes Laertius, who lived many centuries later than the philosophers about whom he was writing, Plato was born to Ariston, an Athenian aristocrat who traced his lineage to Codrus, the king of Athens, and to Melanthus, the king of Messina. His work covered a broad spectrum of interests and ideas: mathematics, science and nature, morals and political theory. The Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates, and teacher of Aristotle. These dates, however, are not entirely certain, for according to Diogenes Laertius (D.L. Plato's final years were spent at the Academy and with his writing. According to an anecdote told by the Greek biographer Diogenes Laertius, Plato was originally named Aristocles. Some scholars suggest that he died while attending a wedding, while others believe he died peacefully in his sleep. In the second, or middle, period, Plato writes in his own voice on the central ideals of justice, courage, wisdom and moderation of the individual and society. Historians believe this is an indication of Plato's pride in his family lineage. Arianna Huffington is a prolific author and international media mogul who started the award-winning news platform The Huffington Post. Plato (427-347 BC) His political and moral philosophy dominates a long chain of thinkers, writers and critics. His writings deal with justice, beauty and equality, as well as written on aesthetics, political philosophy, theology, cosmology, epistemology and the philosophy of language. Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who played an important role in the development of Western philosophy. It is widely accepted that Plato, the Athenian philosopher, was born in 428-7 B.C.E and died at the age of eighty or eighty-one at 348-7 B.C.E. 3.2-3.3). Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, together with Socrates and Plato, laid much of the groundwork for western philosophy. The family of his mother, Perictione, boasted a relationship with the great Athenian legislator Solon. As the scion of a rich and aristocratic family, he received good education under renowned teachers, including Socrates. And yet modern scholars are in doubt, since the name “Plato” was not uncommon in the Athens of Plato’s day. Fortunately, chancing upon an admirer who purchased his freedom, Plato was spared and found his way home. The circumstances surrounding his death are clouded, though it is fairly certain that he died in Athens around 348 B.C.E., when he was in his early 80s. December 19, 2010 | No Comments. Plato wrote about many ideas in philosophy that are still talked about today. The Athenian politician, Critias (l. c. 460-40 BCE), was Plato's mother's cousin and studied with Socrates as a young man. Plato, 427?-347 B.C., Greek philosopher. After living for a time at the Syracuse court, Plato founded (c.387 B.C.) Born in the era of ancient philosophy, Plato is one of the world’s most recognized philosophers of classical Greece. El Greco was a Greek artist whose painting and sculpture helped define the Spanish Renaissance and influence various movements to come. by Samreen Sagheer. Neha December 18, 2017. PLATO – THE ATHENIAN PHILOSOPHER Biography: What was Plato Known for Plato (c.428-348 BCE) Although usually remembered today as a philosopher, Plato was also one of ancient Greece’s most important patrons of mathematics. Plato's biography is drawn mainly from the work of other ancient writers and a few of what are presumed to be Plato's letters. Ancient Greek philosopher Plato was a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle. 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